In the 1500s, Castillo de San Marcos was built to protect the Spanish colonists who established the city of Saint Augustine within the former colony of Florida.
Before the Revolutionary War, Britain obtained the lands in Florida from Spain. At the end of the Revolutionary War the British, agreed to cede the lands in Florida back to Spain. In 1819, the United States purchased the lands in Florida from Spain, this acquiring the oldest fort in the continental United States.
Archibald Bulloch, the great great grandfather of President Theodore Roosevelt, faught as a solider during the American Revolution. Bulloch was buried in a Revolutionary War gravesite in Savannah, Georgia.
After the War of 1812, congress authorized the creation of Fort Sumter, which was named after the Revolutionary War hero General Thomas Sumter. The fort was built to protect the harbor outside of the city of Charleston, South Carolina. Construction began in 1829, and the structure was still unfinished in 1861, when the Civil War began. At the time of the civil war there was four forts within the Charleston Harbor, with Sumter being the largest of the forts.
On November 1860, Major Robert Anderson was promoted to the commander of Fort Moultrie, near Fort Sumter.
On December 1860, shortly after the state of South Carolina ceded the Union and became the “Republic of South Carolina” ship the Star of West was sailed past Fort Sumter. There was an altercation where shots were fired at the ship. The incident almost led to the outbreak of the Civil War, but the federal garrison decided to not escalate the attack. President Buchanan chose time not invade the Republic of South Carolina.
As more states seceded from the Union to join the Confederacy, federal troops left the forts in those states. However, the commander of the four federal forts around Fort Sumter, under the command of Robert Anderson decided to hold their ground. Commander Anderson decided to secretly abandon the less secure Fort Moultrie to the higher and more secure walls within Fort Sumter. However, this undercover action angered Jefferson Davis and members of the Confederate government.
On April 1865, a telegraph was sent from the the Confederate Capital, in Montgomery, Alabama, to South Carolina authorizing an attack on Fort Sumter if the federal troops did not vacate. The federal troops did not leave, thus resulting in a two day battle which led to the federal troops evacuating the fort.
Union soldiers got a hold of fort near Charleston and utilized a massive cannon with a range of 5 miles. That cannon fired 36 shots into the city of Charleston before it was disabled.
Confederate soldiers held onto Fort Sumter for years until General Sherman began his March to Charleston. Confederate soldiers finally abandoned the fort once news of Sherman’s march reached military command.
Between 1809 and 1810, Castle Pinckney, which was named after South Carolina politician Charles Pinckney, was built in the Charleston Harbor. In 2011, the Sons of Confederate Veterans purchased the site of Castle Pinckney.
On March 15, 2020, President Donald Trump signed the “Fort Sumter and Fort Moultrie National Historical Park Act”, a bill introduced by South Carolina Republican Tim Scott, into law. The law turned Fort Sumter and Fort Moultrie from National Monuments into National Parks.
The site of Chimney Rock State Park, within the Appalachian Mountains in western North Carolina, is a geological icon within Hickory Nut Gorge. Originally the site was privately owned, with a tunnel built beneath the granite rock that is over 500 years old. The tunnel provided access to an elevator that takes visitors to the top of the rock.
On May 4, 2005, Chimney Rock State Park was established on after the purchase of the 1,568-acre “World’s Edge” tract from the Carolina Mountain Land Conservancy.
The Johnny Cash Musuem was established in Nashville, Tennesse by one of Johnny Cash’s friends.
Johnny Cash sung in the presence of President Richard Nixon during the bicentennial celebration of the United States is America and has worked both as a musician and as an actor with various celebrities such as Willie Nelson. Cash was lessor known for his role as an author of multiple books.
Johnny Cash’s last music video was a cover, from the Nine Inch Nails song “Hurt”. While the song was a cover, it reflected his beliefs as a man in senior age and his willingness to accept the closure of his musical career.
Johnny Cash has lived in a home outside of Nashville, Tennessee. However, shortly after the Cash home was sold to another musicians, the home burned to the ground while contractors worked on renovating the house.
The owner of the Johnny Cash Musuem met Cash during one of his concerts. Johnny Cash threw his harmonica into the crowd, the museum owner caught it, and Cash invited him to speak to him on stage.
President Andrew Jackson lived outside of the town of Nashville, Tennessee during his time in the military and as U.S. President.
The wife of Andrew Jackson had the inside of the home fitted with a set of wallpaper, from France, that depicts multiple Greek tales.
The grace of Andrew Jackson, his wife, and one of his slaves is within the gardens of the home.
While the site of the Andrew Jackson Hermitage home was owned by the state of Tennesse, it utilized as a recovery site for injured Confederate soldiers, after the civil war ended. One of Andrew Jackson’s grandchildren had died while fighting with the Tennessee Confederate army.
After the Lincoln family moved to Indiana the mother of Abraham Lincoln got sick from a milk disease that her neighbors also got sick from. The disease is caused when humans drink milk from cows that eat a certain berry.
On Febuary 12, 1809, Nancy Hanks Lincoln gave birth to President Abraham Lincoln inside a cabin on the Sinking Spring Farm in Hodgenville, Kentucky.
The cabin was abandoned when the Lincoln family moved to Abraham Lincoln’s boyhood home in Indiana. After Lincoln’s death, the site of his birth became a United States National Park. A memorial. was built and the original birth cabin was placed inside of it.
The “Boundary Oak”, a tree that was about 25 years old at Abraham Lincoln’s birth, became the last living link to Lincoln. In 1976, that Great White Oak tree died.
The Nancy Inn was another structure near the birth-cabin that also established after Lincoln’s death.
In 1860, before the start of the U.S. Civil War, Ulysses S. Grant moved his family to the town of Galena, Illlinois.
Including Grant, a total of nine U.S. Civil War Generals lived in the town of Galena, Illinois. One of Grant’s friends, with a residence a few blocks from his home in Gelena, served as the ambassador of France during his term as President.
After Grant’s passing from cancer, a statute of him was erected near his home in area called “Grant’s Park”.
Grant’s Park consists of a few cannons, including one which was fired in Galena on the day that Confederate President Jefferson Davis was captured.
In 1927, the figure of President George Washington was first sculpted in the Black Hills of South Dakota by a French artist. It took over twenty years for four presidents to be sculpted on the side of the Mount Rushmore.
Modoc Indians, whom had a chief who agreed to relocate their tribe from the Tule Lake area in Northeastern California to a reservation in southern Oregon, were resentful of their ill treatment over the course of six years. Many young warriors, left the reservation, and theatended to fight settlers and the U.S. Military for their right to return to the land that they left. The Modoc War began when peace commissioners rejected a request to have the reservation moved back to Tule Lake, California. This rejection of peace terms promoted Kintpuash and other Modocs to kill Bridager General Edward Canby, and to kill and wound two other peace commissioners at the site of Canby Cross.
On July 7, 2020, Philip Andrew Hamilton visited the former Tule Lake Segregation Center in Modoc County, California. At the time of his visit the historical site was gated off and closed to the public due to Covid-19 restrictions.
Unlike other Japanese Relocation Camps, Tule Lake not only consisted of Japanese Americans, but of German and Italians whom were considered enemy combatants during the course of World War II.
The Tule Lake Segregation Center operated as a segregation center from May 1942 to March 1946. The former military post had remained open for about seven months after the Japanese surrender to the allied forces.
Amber Edward Weed, was a Union Civil War soldier, whom later founded the town of Weed, California after establishing the Weed Lumber Company. Amber Weed became a a town council member and a California State Senator.
On Friday June 19, 2020, San Francisco protestors tore down a statute of Ulysses Grant , a veteran of the Mexican-American War, the commander of the Union Forces during the U.S. Civil War and a former U.S. President who oversaw the ratifcation of the 15th Amendment, the creation of the Justice Department to supress the first resurgance of the Ku Klux Klan, amd whom appointed several African Americans to prominent positions in government during reconstruction. In addition, Grant’s father was an abolitionist and after the battle at Fort Sumter Grant stated to him, “My inclination is to whip the rebellion into submission, preserving all Constitutional rights. If it cannot be whipped any other way than through a war against slavery, let it come to that legitimately. If it is necessary that slavery should fall that the Republic may continue its existence, let slavery go.” The Union was losing the war after the Battle of Anteitam and almost lost the war at the Battle of Gettsburg. Many Union generals, along the the eastern theatre of the war, choose to retreat to the higher castaulties that they were incurring. However, when Grant won over the Confederacy at Vicksburg, New Orleans and other cities along the Mississippi River, Lincoln made Grant the Grand Commander of the Union Army and the first ever Five Star General. Without Grant’s battle hardness and unwillingless to retreat in Virginia, the Civil War could’ve dragged on for years and Washington, D.C. could of been invaded by the Confederacy. But deapite all of Grant’s noble accomplishments he had one sin, the ownership of the slave William Jones, a man who was gifted to him by his southern wife’s grandfather. Grant viewed slavery as his father did, and did not want to own a person under bondage. However, Grant accepted Jones into his household to please his wife’s family and freed him before the Civil War began.
During Juneteeth celebrations in 2020, San Francisco protestors failed to consider the entire context of Ulysses Grant’s background and to label him as someone who needs to be removed from the public space due fo his ownership of William Jones. This is one step too far in the movement to remove any representarion of any caucasian men seen as unworthy continual praise due to them being held accountable to modern standards.
I say “fuck you”, in the strongest terms, to the protestors who fail to respect our national heritage and whom seek to destroy artifacts of individuals tied to the history of the United States, regardless of if those individuals led to signifcant gains in the plight for freedom of African Americans.
Honestly, I hope that those protestors are held criminally responsible for damaging the statue of Ulysses Grant and that they are held financially responsible for putting that statue of Grant back up. In addition, I believe that the organization of “Black Lives Matter” should be held liable for the destruction of public property that their members have participated in.
Americans need to stop destroying statues of caucasians and europeans in public spaces and call for the creation of more statues of African Americans in the public so that they are represented more in the public.
If the leadership of “Black Lives Matter” does not call for a stop to the destructionof public statues, they will end up losing support of their organization from individuals who see them as deviating far from the goal of holding police accountable for their acts of brutality and of reform of community policing.
The group “All Historical Statues Matter” was created by Philip Andrew Hamilton after the toppling of Preaident Ulysses S. Grant’s statue at the Golden Gate Park in San Francisco on June 19, 2020. The tearing down of historical artifacts and statues has gone too far, and a community of historical groups, community acitvists, politicans and police need to work in conjunction to protect other historical statutes in America. The will of a vocal majority cannot trump the will of others who wish to keep our national heritage in place.
The statue of President Grant was under the protection of the National Park Service, which failed to prevent it’s toppling. Other statues of President Grant under the juriasiction of the United States National Parks are at Fort Humbolt, in Northern California, and the Ulysses S. Grant Civil War Memorial in downtown Washington D.C. The newest statue of President Grant was erected at the West Point Army Base on June 2019.
In 1993, Hillary Rodham Clinton visited the “Darling House”, with a view of the last surviving of the three Santa Cruz wharfs that had been built in the county, while she was the First Lady.
Hillary Clinton had a personal relationship with the Darling family and spoke at Adam Darling’s funeral after his passing.
In 2006, author Philip Andrew Hamilton met U.S. Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton at her office while she was representing the state of New York. At the time Philip worked for the National Security Subcommittee, under the Government Reform Committee, for the U.S. Congress.
Osip Volkov was born to a Russian father and Kamchadal mother in Petropavlosk, Kamchatka around 1798. Nothing is known of his early life, but it appears he became an employee of the Russian America Company as a young man. In 1815, he was either captured by the Spanish or jumped ship near Point Conception, California. Although the Russian American Company tried to get Osip back, Osipn evaded working for the company again by becoming an interpretive for Spanish governor Pablo Vicente de Solá. Osip aquired the Spanish name of José Antonio Bolcoff, as an alias during his work for the Spanish government. Bolcoff married Mariá Candida Castro and was later sent to Mexico on official government business. Governor de Sola later granted Osip Volkov a land grant in present day Santa Cruz County. Historians think that he constructed a house in what is now Scotts Valley, near the site of the Scotts Valley mall. During this period, Osip Volkov was named Alcalde (Spanish for mayor) of Santa Cruz. Osip Volkov is more commonly known in historical sources as Jose Bolcoff, a Hispanicized version of his Russian name. Later in life, after he sold his lands, the records indicate that Jose Bolcoff worked as a shoemaker. Osip Volkov died in 1866, marking the end of a remarkable life.
I began my website HamiltonHistoricalRecords.com after going on a road trip to Virginia from January to Febuary 2018. Life feels that it’s coming back in circle with the start of my next road trip to Virignia in June 2020. Hence, I’m writing a series on historical landmarks in the beach city that I have called home since 2016.
In the 1797, a fort, which was later named Fort Mason by the Americans, was first established by the Spanish military within the Presido of San Francisco.
Two Mexican revolutions against the Spanish Empire failed. However, after the success of the third Mexican Revolution the fort fell under Mexican control for about twenty years. During the Mexican-American War the United States Military took over the fort and in 1850 renamed it Fort Mason after Colonel Richard Barnes Mason.
Colonel Mason was a decendant of founding father George Mason and was a member of the Dragoons during the Mexican-American War. After the American victory Colonel Mason became the fifth military Governor of California.
Today, May 20, 2020 marks my 33rd birthday during a time of drastic worldwide economic, social and societal changes. I just as many people I know, have faced loss of income, loss of jobs, and a lack of access to people and various property (such as parks and beaches) during the course of this pandemic. Currently the amount of unemployed Americans individuals stands at 30 million, twice the amount of unemployed individuals during the height of “The Great Depression”. Tough times are here and tough times are here to stay for the long haul.
Ruth Olga Sherman, a professional dancer and anthropologist, will be joining me in chronicling the plight of individuals in the states of California, Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming, Nebraska, Iowa, Wisconsin, Michigan, Illinois, Ohio, Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and in Flordia during the course of our cross country road trip.
I will continue to write articles about landmarks, parks and museums that I visit (regardless of whether they are opened or closed due to a state imposed lockdown). In addition, I’ll provide individual feedback from individuals that Ruth and I meet and how the government lockdown (according to rules imposed by their state, city or town) and the pandemic has effected their livelihood.
The stories will be vast and many, and indeed introspective of the year that truly changed the state of humanity as we know it and the multiplicity of governments that humanity succumbs itself too.
I ask that you as a reader of my website support our efforts to chronicle this part of current American life by donating to my Venmo page:
Checks may also be addressed to:
Philip Andrew Hamilton
Ruth Olga Sherman
Those checks may be mailed to:
444 Western Drive
Santa Cruz, CA 95060
For those who are able to donate, thank you. I’ll be sure to provide a show of appreciation with a personal email or phone call.
The history of the Ford House Museum started in 1854, when the home was built for Jerome Bursley Ford and his wife. Ford was the founder of the Mendocino Lumber Company and needed a home closeby to his operations. At the time, lumber was a huge source of income for many Mendocino residents, during the early years of California’s statehood.
In 1852, Meiggsville, California was founded by the New Englander Meiggs. During the gold rush, thousands of redwood loggers moved to the coastal towns and created flumes to transport the giant logs. Eventually the town was renamed to Mendocino.
In May 1980, the dormant volcano, Mount Saint Helens, was reported as having seismic activity by geologists. Oregonians were told to evacuate the site of the former volcano, but a few hikers and photographers remained behind. On May 18, 2020, the dormant Mount Saint Helens exploded with the force of five hundred atomic bombs (as powerful as the one that exploded in Hiroshima). Trees were flattened for miles, thousands of animals and 59 humans were killed by the blast which created a crater on top of the mountain.
The Giant Powder Company started manufacturing dynamite in the United States, for the purposes of constructing mines and dams, in San Francisco and Berkeley. When explosions at the factories at those two cities caused expensive property damage to the homes surrounding them, the company relocated to the remote area of Pinole, north of Berkeley.
On May 5, 1945, the Japanese military launched a seaplane from a submarine off of the Oregon coast. That plane launched a balloon armed with a bomb. After the balloon deflated, a man and his five children approached the balloon and were killed by the bomb blast that was activated. Those civilians were the only American civilians to be killed within the continental United States by an axis attack during the war.
Fred Toyosaburo Korematsu was a Japanese American, born on January 30, 1919, in Oakland, California. After Pearl Harbor was bombed, the United States military deemed that the states of California, Oregon and Washingotn were part of the Western theatre of the war. Hence, after Franklin Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066, the U.S. Army ordered that all Japanese Americans had to report to an army office, and those same persons would be required to be interned in a camp. Instead of reporting to an army office, like the rest of Fred’s family did, Fred stayed in Oakland, California with his Italian girlfriend. Two weeks after all Japanese Americans were evacuated from their homes in California, Fred was arrested by Federal Bureau of Investigation agents and was accused of being an enemy spy.
Fred was contacted by the Northern California Chapter of the “American Civil Liberties Union”, an organization which agreed to litigate the unconstitutionality of the Japanese internment camps on behalf of Fred. While the case went up to the Supreme Court, the court confirmed the federal district and appellate court rulings by stating that military actions should not be scrutinized by a civil court, even if no form of Marshall Law has been instated by the military.
The giant sequoias, in the western side of the Sierra Nevada Mountians, were noted by Augustus T. Dowd in 1852. In 1927, Bob and Bernice Arnold built Ebbetts Pass Inn and Restaurant within the outskirts of the giant sequoia forest. The Ebbetts Pass Inn became as a stop for people visiting Calaveras Big Trees State Park and for those traveling along the Ebbetts Pass route to Bear Valley and to other towns.
In 1859, the town of Cloverdale was established in Northern California, within Sonoma County. On Febuary 28, 1872, Cloverdale was incorporated as a town.
In 1881, Jules Auguste Leroux and Armand Joseph Dehay established a colony south of Cloverdale named “Icaria Speranza”, based on the French Utopian movement, the Icarians. The settlement ended in 1886 and today, there is a marker south of town where the schoolhouse was located.
In 1827, John Reed, the first Anglo settler, in northern Sonoma County arrived. John Reed did not farm since the Kota’ti Native Americans engaged in annual field burnings. In 1844, the native Kota’ti had “disappeared” when a Mexican land grant called, “Lomas de Kotate” had been established.
This property passed through a number of hands, including those of Thomas O. Larkin, the first and only U.S. Consul to California. He arranged for its purchase in 1849 by Dr. Thomas Stokes Page, a friend and expatriate American physician then practicing in Valparaiso, Chile.
After numerous years of legal wrangling over Spanish, Mexican, Californian, and United States land law, Page’s agents established livestock and built a large Victorian home for the large Page family. Dr. Page’s wife, Anna Maria Liljevalch Page, and their minor and young adult children emigrated from Chile in 1869. Dr. Page died in 1872, leaving his émigré sons to run the sprawling dairy and stock farm. Described in an 1875 newspaper article as the largest farm in Sonoma County and one of the finest pieces of agricultural land in California, the property became known as “Rancho Cotate.”
William “Bill” Foster was a National Rifle Association member and a big game hunter; who traveled to Africa and other continents for wild animals.
William Foster met author William Hemmingway during his travels.
In the 1900s, William established the restaraunt “Foster’s Bighorn” in Rio Vista, California.
Over time William Foster had over 300 animals, that he hunted, hanging on the walls of Foster’s Bighorn. Currently there are only 200 animals up on the wall, due to the degrading of the animal skin over the decades of the ones that were removed.