Sussex County, Virginia, Sussex Light Dragons, U.S. Civil War

Sussex County, Virginia – During The U.S. Civil War

Members of the Confederate Sussex Light Dragon Calvary Unit.

During the U.S. Civil War, several skirmishes took place in Sussex County, Virginia. The “Sussex Light Dragons” were a Confederate Calvary Company that was formed in Sussex County.

The Union Army daughter to cut off supplies heading to Petersburg, Virginia via train. Hence, Jarratt’s Station was the site of various supply conflicts.

Belle Isle Prison, U.S. Civil War

The Confederacy’s Belle Isle Prison

During the U.S. Civil War, the Belle Isle Prison was utilized by the Confederate government to harbor Union soldier prisoners during the U.S. Civil War. There were about 20,000 prisoners held at Belle Isle Island and about 1,000 died due to the unsanitary conditions there.

Union soldier released from the Belle Isle Prison On June 1, 1864. (Library of Congress).
Junius Brutus Booth, Junius Brutus Booth, Junior, Marie Christine Adelaide Delannoy, Mary Ann Holmes, President Abraham Lincoln, U.S. Civil War

Junius Brutus Booth, Senior And Mary Ann Holmes – The Parents Of Actors Edwin Booth, John Wilkes Booth and Junius Brutus Booth, Junior

Junius Brutus Booth was born, in England, on May 1, 1796 and grew up to become a famous English Shakespearean actor. In 1815, Booth married Marie Christine Adelaide Delannoy. While married, Booth had an affair with Mary Ann Holmes and decided to emigrate to the United States of America with her after he got her pregnant.

Thomas Scully’s painting of Mary Ann Holmes, which was commissioned by her husband.

After landing in North America, Mary Ann Holmes gave birth to Junius Brutus Booth, Junior in South Carolina. Edwin Booth and John Wilkes Booth were born in Maryland. The senior Booth passed away in 1852, before the events of the Civil War unfolded.

Junius Brutus Booth, Junior was a fervent unionist and supporter of the President Lincoln, yet he received much public disdain due to his brother John Wilkes Booth’s assassination of the war time U.S. President.

Elkridge Landing, Maryland, Elkridge, Maryland, Thomas Viaduct, U.S. Civil War

The Founding Of Elkridge, Maryland

Baltimore & Ohio Railroad’s Thomas Viaduct in Elkridge, Maryland.

Elkridge Landing, Maryland was founded in the 1750s and the lands within it were primarily used as a port for tobacco shipments.

The Thomas Viaduct, named after Baltimore & Ohio’s first President Philip E. Thomas, was a railroad bridge constructed between Relay, Maryland and Elkridge, Maryland July 4, 1833 to July 4, 1835. During the U.S. Civil War the Thomas Viaduct was used extensively to transport supplies for the Union Army.

In 1851, Howard County, which Elkridge Landing is a part of, became the 21st of Maryland’s 23 counties. Elkridge Landing was eventually renamed to Elkridge, Maryland.

The Elkridge Heritage Society has archived information regarding the history of the city.

Author’s Note:

The author Philip Hamilton used to live in Elkridge, Maryland in 2009.

B & O Railroad, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, U.S. Civil War

The Baltimore And Ohio Railroad Station In Ellicott City – The Oldest Railroad Station In The United States

The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad constructed a freight station in Ellicott Mills, Maryland, which later became known as Ellicott City, in the year 1830. This station was part of the first thirteen miles of commercial railroad ever built in the United States. In the 1850s, the facility transported both freight and passengers. During the U.S. Civil War the facility was essential in transporting supplies and Union Army troops.

The Baltimore & Ohio Train Station transported passengers until December 31, 1949 and freight until the 1970s.

In present day the station serves as the B & O Railroad Station Museum with U.S. Civil War exhibits such as, “The War Came By Train”. The musuem has eight cars and locomotives that had utilized during the war.

Additonal Recourses:

Daniel Toomey’s book, “The War Came by Train: The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad During the Civil War” explains how the Ellicott City station was instrumental in the protection of the United States Capital during the U.S. Civil War.

John Pemberton, U.S. Civil War

John Pemberton – The Confederate Soldier That Invented Coca Cola

John Pemberton was a Confederate soldier for a regiment in Georgia during the Civil War. During battle, John was stabbed by a saber and was given morphine to deal with the pain from his wound.

John’s morphine prescription caused him to become addicted to the substance. Therefore John worked as a chemist to create “Pemberton’s French Wine Cola”, which he used to help with his own addiction, in addition to selling it as an addiction cure in medical markets. However, due to various prohibition era laws, he had to remove the alcohol as an ingredient to the drinks. This lead John to create an alcohol-free sugary carbonated substance referred to today as Coca Cola.