In 1676, Nathaniel Bacon, who’s wife was the cousin of William Berkley, was elected as a leader of a rebellion in Surry County, Virginia. Several frontiersman did not have protection from Native Americans and Governor William Berkley, who lived in the tidewater region, was trading with the natives further inland and did not want to interfere with his financial interests. Nathaniel Bacon ordered the newly formed militia to protect the frontiersman. In addition he had the “The Declaration of the People of Virginia”.
Bacon brought 400 individuals to Jamestown to overthrow Governor William Berkley. Governor Berkeley escaped and the rebels burnt down most of Jamestown. However, Nathaniel Bacon died of dysentery and Britain sent forces to protect the exiled Governor Berkley. In 1677 Governor Berkley returned to Jamestown.