Patrick Henry, Richmond, Virginia

Patrick Henry’s Speech, “Give Me Liberty Or Give Me Death”

On March 23, 1775, during the Second Virginia Convention at Saint Johns Church in Richmond, Virginia, members of the delegation debated on whether or not to send troops to fight the British in a war for independence. Patrick Henry gave the riveting “Give me liberty or give me death” speech to his fellow delegates, after witnessing apathy during the debate for war, it convince his countrymen to assist in the fight against England.

After the speech, Patrick Henry became the first governor of Virginia to serve, after the legislature of Virginia broke off with the British crown and joined he Revolutionary War.

Richmond, Virginia

The Great Fire Of Richmond, Virginia

On April 3, 1865, after the fall of Petersburg, the Confederate Army set fire to tobacco warehouses. The fire that erupted burned down nine tenths of the entire business district of the city.

Several Confederate government buildings burnt down, including the Confederate Patent Office. Some of the Confederate Patent Office records were inadvertently taken, along with the War Department Records, before the government move to Danville.

Richmond, Virginia

The Egyptian Building Of Richmond, Virginia

In 1844, the Egyptian Building of Richmond, Virginia was built after Napoleon’s army conquered the country of Egypt. United States architects began to design Egyptian style buildings around the country.

The Egyptian Building was near the site of the Confederate White House during the U.S. Civil War. The building did not sustain any damage from the Great Fire of Richmond that occurred in 1865, after the confederate army set fire to various buildings that burnt down nine tenths of Richmond’s business district.

Confederate President Jefferson Finis Davis, First White House of the Confederacy, Richmond, Virginia

The Second White House Of The Confederacy

From Febuary 1861 to late May 1861, Confederate President Jefferson Davis had the First White House of the Confederacy In Montgomery, Alabama. In the summer of 1861, the executive residence of the confederacy was moved to Richmond, Virginia, less than 100 miles from the U.S. White House, as a strategic move.

After the Union army, under General Grant’s command, invaded and burned down several parts of Richmond, Virginia the confederate government moved it’s capital to its third and last location of Danville, Virginia.

The confederate government operated in Danville, Virginia, for a mere eight days, until Jefferson Davis was captured and the confederate bureaucracy surrendered.

In present day the White House of the Confederacy is a musuem and the grounds around the house is a U.S. National Park.

The musuem has exhibits on several problems that the Confederate government had with its civilian population, including a bread riot that had occurred.

The confederate government often paid less than the actual value for food, or simply seized food, to feed the army.

In addition, Confederate citizens were subject to taxes on bank deposits and an graduated income tax. Businesses has taxes on business licenses and farmers had to pay a ten percent tax on everything they earned. These taxes caused resentment with the civilian population against their government.

Here is a documentary on the artifacts within the White House of the Confederacy.

Richmond, Virginia

The Richmond, Virginia Area – Site Of A Former Capital Of The Powhatan Tribe

Captain John Smith’s depiction of the Powhatan Indians.

The Pohawtan Indians had their first, of multiple capitals, at Werowocomoco. Until 1609, Parahunt, the weroance of the Powhatan territory that had control over thirty Algonquian speaking tribes, had his “kings house” overlooking the James River within the Richmond area. The “kings house” location was determined by an illustration on Captain John Smith’s map that me made while exploring outside of Jamestown. The Native American capital of Virginia, at the time, was close to Jamestown, which became the first English Colonial Capital of Virginia.

In 1737, over a century after the Richmond area was explored by Captain John Smith and his crew, the town of Richmond was founded by William Byrd II after he inherited the Stegg lands on big sides of the James River from his father.