Junius Brutus Booth, Junius Brutus Booth, Junior, Marie Christine Adelaide Delannoy, Mary Ann Holmes, President Abraham Lincoln, U.S. Civil War

Junius Brutus Booth, Senior And Mary Ann Holmes – The Parents Of Actors Edwin Booth, John Wilkes Booth and Junius Brutus Booth, Junior

Junius Brutus Booth was born, in England, on May 1, 1796 and grew up to become a famous English Shakespearean actor. In 1815, Booth married Marie Christine Adelaide Delannoy. While married, Booth had an affair with Mary Ann Holmes and decided to emigrate to the United States of America with her after he got her pregnant.

Thomas Scully’s painting of Mary Ann Holmes, which was commissioned by her husband.

After landing in North America, Mary Ann Holmes gave birth to Junius Brutus Booth, Junior in South Carolina. Edwin Booth and John Wilkes Booth were born in Maryland. The senior Booth passed away in 1852, before the events of the Civil War unfolded.

Junius Brutus Booth, Junior was a fervent unionist and supporter of the President Lincoln, yet he received much public disdain due to his brother John Wilkes Booth’s assassination of the war time U.S. President.

John Wilkes Booth, President Abraham Lincoln

John Wilkes Booth’s Cemetery in Baltimore

John Wilkes Booth, the Shakespearean actor who assasinated President Lincoln at the Ford Theatre in Washington, D.C. at the end of the U.S. Civil War, was born in Harford County Maryland.

In his youth, John Wilkes Booth had spent a year attending the Saint Timothy’s Hall Preparatory School in Catonsville after the passing of his father.

Saint Timothy’s Hall Preparatory School

After John Wilkes Booth escaped Ford’s Theatre there was a massive manhunt for him. Union soldiers found John Wilkes Booth at a barn within Garrett Farm in Virginia. After a standoff, John Wilkes Booth was shot by the soldiers and died on the porch of the farm house.

After John Wilkes Booth’s passing, his body was buried in at the Green Mount Cemetery In Baltimore, Maryland.

Author’s Note:

As a teenager the author Philip Hamilton visited the site of President Lincoln’s assassination. President Lincoln was shot by Booth at the second level of the Ford Theatre in a private booth know known as “Lincoln’s Box” and as the “President’s Box”.

President Abraham Lincoln, Samuel Morse Felton, Samuel Morse Felton II

The Failed Plot To Assassinate President-Elect Abraham Lincoln On The Way To His Inauguration

Abraham Lincoln, May 20, 1860 Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C.

In Febuary 1861, President-Elect Abraham Lincoln went on a tour to multiple states on the way to his Presidential Inauguration. Lincoln was notified by Samuel Morse Felton, the President of the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad, that there was a cessionist plot to capture Washington, D.C. and to stop the inauguration of Lincoln. The President was notified of another plot to assassinate him on the way from the Calvert to the Camden train station in Baltimore City.

Photograph of Samuel Morse Felton, Senior.

Lincoln was recommended to end the rest of his tour and to take a midnight train back to Washington, D.C. At first Lincoln wanted to continue his tour, so that the American people would get to better know him, but he decided to the risk to his life was too great if he continued to speak publicly. On the return train to Washington D.C., one women pretended to be Lincoln’s sister and Lincoln himself wore a disguise while sitting in the back cabin. The Pinkertons, and many others, also helped with the protection of the President-Elect during tour and on his voyage to Washington, D.C.

When Lincoln came back to Washington, D.C. he was inaugurated, on the U.S. Capital steps, while the new dome was being constructed.

Abraham Lincoln’s inauguration at the U.S. Capital Step’s. March 4, 1861. Library of Congress Photographs Division Washington, D.C.

Here is a Smithsonian Institute documentary on the failed assassination attempt on President Lincoln.

Author’s Note:

Samuel Morse Felton’s son Samuel Morse Felton II was named the “General of Military Railways” during World War I.

New Almaden Quicksilver Mine, President Abraham Lincoln

Lincoln’s Order to Take Over The Quicksilver Mine Almost Lead to the Secession Of California and Nevada

When recounting the history of the civil war in the western states, it’s fascinating to think that the state California and the Territory of Nevada almost seceded from the Union after President Lincoln ordered the U.S. Army, through a writ based on a law established in 1807, to seize the privately operated New Almaden Quicksilver Mine in San Jose. Lincoln had established the order because the Quicksilver Mine was a private entity operating on public land. The mine operators had a standoff with the U.S. Army soliders, once they arrived on the grounds of the mine, by stating that there were several sharpshooters around ready to take out the oncoming troops.

Had California and Nevada followed through with secession legislation, they would have been the only state and territory to secede over a states rights issue with the federal government not related to slavery.

Thousands of Americans from the eastern and mid-western states, with oxen pulling their wagons with all of their possessions, embarked on the Oregon Trail and the California Trail facing severe thirst within the forty mile desert of Nevada even when they only traveled by night, the death of oxen and people who drank sulfuric water from springs in Northern Nevada, starvation during the winter season such as what the Donner Party experienced, attacks from hostile native Americans, and the agony of losing loved loved ones to disease in unsanitary traveling conditions. Memories of men and women, who lost so much trying to strike it rich at the mines in the western states were still fresh to those who moved during the Gold Rush, as the U.S. Civil War raged on. Those individuals adamantly declared that they would not lose their jobs without a fight.

Therefore, I believe that the difficulties tens of thousands of Americans faced to travel to the western states during the Gold Rush, compelled those individuals to call for succession from the union when a mine that they sacrificed so much to work in was threatened to be taken over by the federal government, even though the private company was operating on government owned land. Other miners, also working on public lands, who heard of the federal troops at Quicksilver mine had similar sentiments. This set of events ultimately compelled Frederick Low, the Port Collector of San Francisco, to convince Abraham Lincoln to call off the federal takeover of the New Almaden Quicksilver Mine.


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