Fayetteville, North Carolina, Hiram Revels, Hiram Rhodes Revels, Mississippi, U.S. Congress

Hiram Rhodes Revels – The First African American Legislator To Serve In The U.S. Congress

On September 27, 1827, Hiram Rhodes Revels, was born to free parents in Fayetteville, North Carolina. Birman Revels became an African American minister who trained regiments for the Union Army during the U.S. Civil War.

In 1870, During reconstruction, Birman Revels was called to fill a vacant Mississippi U.S. Senate seat and became the first African American legislator to serve in either house of the U.S. Congress.

History of Mississippi: the Heart of the South, Mississippi

The Four Mississippi State Legislature Buildings During The Civil War

The Civil War Mississippi Capital buildings utilized after the Battle of Vicksburg from 1863 to 1865. – Courtesy Mississippi Department of Archives and History PI/Printing Plates (used in Dunbar Rowland’s History of Mississippi: The Heart of the South).

During the Civil War, four buildings were used by state legislature. In 1861, Mississippi held their secession vote in the Old Capital Building. In 1863, after the Battle of Vicksburg, the Old Capital Building was captured by General Ulysses S. Grant’s Army. Therefore, between 1863 to 1865, the Mississippi State legislature convened in the Lowndes County Courthouse, the Calhoun Institute, near Macon; and the Columbus Christian Church.


The Four Capitals of Mississippi

Texada – Is believed to be the oldest brick building in Natchez, Mississippi. Texada served as a meeting place for the state legislature during the early years of statehood.

The town of Natchez was established as the capital of the Territory of Mississippi. The first capital of the state of Mississippi was the city of Washington. The second capital of the State was actually back in Natchez. The third capital of the state was in Columbus. The fourth and final capital of the state was established in Jackson.

Alabama, Marquis de Lafayette, Mississippi

Return Of A French Revolutionary War Hero – Marquis de Lafayette’s Tour Of The U.S. From 1824 to

Painting of Marquis de Lafayette depicting his military attire.

From 1824 to 1825, Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, simply known as Marquis de Lafayette, returned to the United States for a tour of the lands that he helped secure a victory against the British during the Revolutionary War. For part of the tour, Marquis de Lafayette toured through Montgomery, Selma, and other parts of Alabama before going into the southern states of Louisiana and Mississippi.

Painting of Marquis de Lafayette in 1825.

In 1825, Marquis de Lafayette finished his tour in New York.

Lafayette greets the troops of the 2nd Battalion, 11th New York Artillery, in New York City, July 14, 1825. This unit later adopted the title “National Guard” in honor of Lafayette’s Garde National de Paris.