Mexican War of Independence, Mexican-American War, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla

The Mexican War Of Independence And The Aftermath Of Post-Colonial Rule

The Mexican War of Independence was a series of revolts against Spanish colonial rule, which began after Catholic priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla’s independence speech on September 16, 1810, when members of the Spanish Inquisition enforcers were coming to arrest him. Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla’s speech compelled hundreds of oppressed Native Americans to drive out the Spanish on the day of his speech. Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla would lead an army that grew to a force of 80,000 soldiers, but his first revolt failed when he refused to send his army to take over Mexico City. Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla was eventually captured and killed by a firing squad.

During the third organized revolt, when a Spanish General in Mexico offered to an alliance with the revolutionaries, Mexican revolutionaries finally secured independence from Spain.

However, there were severe economic issues after the war that led to the reduced productivity of mines, plantations, farms and other businesses. Therefore, the newly formed Mexican government had little effectiveness managing the Providence of Texas and the more remote parts of California, that were the Catholic missions were established under Spanish rule. This mismanagement, would lead to the Providence of Texas forming its own country after Mexico was began rule by a dictator.

Mexican War of Independence, Mexico, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla

Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla – The Father Of Mexican Independence

Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla was a liberal Catholic priest, who questioned several elements of church doctrine, such as the requirement of priests to be celibate and the acknowledgement of a virgin birth of Jesus, during the period of the Spanish Inquisition. Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla ran against the colonial norm by having a mistress and by reading various banned revolutionary writings and books, such as those written by Thomas Jefferson. The Spanish seized Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla’s library and revoked his right to preach. In 1810, when Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla was about to be arrested again he called for a revolution in a frantic speech, that began an armed uprising against the Spanish Colonial rule.