Fairfax, Virginia, Fredericksburg, Virginia, James Ewell Brown Stuart, The Fairfax, Virginia Courthouse, U.S. Civil War, Vienna, Virginia

Confederate Calvary Commander J.E.B. Stuart’s Christmas Raid From Fredericksburg To Fairfax, Virginia

Before the U.S. Civil War, James Ewell Brown Stuart was present when John Brown’s abolitionist riot was in full force. Stuart, along with General Robert Edward Lee, assisting in suppressing the abolitionist riot.

While stationed in Fredericksburg, and a large portion of the Confederate Army was in Caroline County, J.E.B. Stuart led a Christmas raid into the Fairfax Courthouse and Vienna, Virginia.

Later in the war, Confederate Calvary commander J.E.B. Stuart was killed in battle by an unmounted Michigan Soldier in May 1864.

Battle of Fredericksburg, Fredericksburg, Virginia, Union Major General Ambrose Burnside, Union Major General Ambrose Everett Burnside, Urban Warfare

The Battle of Fredericksburg – The First Site Of Urban Warfare In The United States

The Battle of Fredericksburg was the first battle of the inexperienced Union Major General Ambrose Everett Burnside that President Lincoln placed in that position after firing the previous general for a period of “inaction”. The Battle of Fredericksburg took place from December 10 to 15th, 1862.

Photograph of Union Major General Ambrose Everett Burnside.

For part of the conflict, soldiers embarked in disorganized urban battle, firing at other from house to house, in the first time in United States history. Urban warfare was minimal in the U.S. Civil War, but the events of the Battle of Fredericksburg were studies by military tacticians to prepare for urban combat situations that would occur over a century later in Vietnam and other conflicts.

Fredericksburg, Virginia, Prince Frederick

The Founding Of Fredericksburg, Virginia

In 1728, the City of Fredericksburg, Virginia was established by an act of the Virginia General Assembly. Fredericksburg consisted of land originally owned by John Buckner and Thomas Royston of Essex County in 1681. The City of Fredericksburg was named for Frederick, Prince of Wales, whom lived from 1707 to 1751. Prince Frederick was eldest son of King George II of Great Britain and father of King George III.