Agricultural Society of Albemarle, Albemarle County, Virginia, American Colonization Society, Brigadier General John Hartwell Cocke II, Confederate President Jefferson Finis Davis, Elizabeth Kennon Cocke, Fluvanna, Virginia, Historic Fluvanna Courthouse, John Hartwell Cocke

The Historic Fluvanna Courthouse – Designed And Built By President Thomas Jefferson’s Friend Brigadier General John Hartwell Cocke II

Brigadier General John Hartwell Cocke II led four Virginia Brigades against the British during the War of 1812, a conflict that some call the “Second American Revolution”. After the war, General Cocke joined former Presidents Thomas Jefferson and James Madison in the founding of the University of Virginia in 1819. The general would serve on the University of Virginia’s Board of Visitors until 1856.

Two years after the death of General Cocke’s friend Thomas Jefferson, he embarked on the designing and the construction of the Fluvanna County Courthouse and of a jailhouse, which is presently known as the “Old Stone Jail”. Both structures were built in Palmyra, a town in Fluvanna County named after King Solomon’s former trading post.

Author’s Note:

Brigadier General John Hartwell Cocke II, whom was born in Surry County, Virginia, attended school at William and Mary, where he empathized with abolitionist views from the abolitionist minded faculty on campus. In 1800, General Cocke ran for the Virginia House of Delegates and lost, never to run for that seat again. General Cocke lived in Surry County until he moved to the Bremo estate, in Fluvanna County, in 1809. On May 5th, 1817, General Cocke founded the Agricultural Society of Albemarle and devoted time towards educating the African American slaves that he inherited from his father John Hartwell Cocke and his mother Elizabeth Kennon Cocke. General Cocke became an official of the American Colonization Society, which sought to resettle freed black slaves and manumitted slaves to the African country of Liberia, and he joined the Virginia Society for the Promotion of Temperance. Soon after joining the Virginia Society for the Promotion of Temperance, he became the Vice President in 1826 and the President of that organization in 1830. As a devout Christian, not only did he not consume alcohol, he never sought ownership of any tobacco crops, despite the popularity of tobacco in the Commonwealth. Later in life his abolitionist views, which he acquired at William and Mary, subsided and he turned more into an anti-abolitionist by siding with the Confederacy during the start of the U.S. Civil War.

General Cocke had three sons, one of whom was named Philip Saint George Cocke. Philip Cocke was born in 1809, in Surry County, and attended the University of Virginia from the years of 1825 and 1827 to 1828. On July 1st, 1828, Philip Cocke entered the United States Military. In 1832, after graduating from the United States Military Academy, Philip Cocke served in Charleston, South Carolina as a second lieutenant of artillery, for the U.S. Army, during the South Carolina Nullification Crisis. On April 1st, 1834, Philip Cocke resigned his military commission so that he could marry Sally Elizabeth Courtney Bowdoin. From 1853 to 1856, Philip Cocke served as president of the Agriculture Society to Albemarle, that his father has once served as president for. In 1860, in response to John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry the year prior, Philips Cocke organized a calvary troop and the year after he joined the Confederate army. Upon joining the Virginia volunteers for the Confederate cause, his rank was reduced from Brigadier General to Colonel. During the Battle of First Manassas, which was called the First Battle of Bull Run by the Union Army, Philip Cocke commanded the fifth brigade of Confederate Virginia volunteers, as U.S. Senators, Confederate President Jefferson Finis Davis. and others were looking on as spectators. Months after the battle, Philip Cocke resigned from the Confederate army, due to physical disability and nervous prostration, and committed suicide in December 26th, 1861.

The Albert and Shirley Hall Small Collections Library contains the John Hartwell Cocke Papers, the Cocke Family Papers at the University of Virginia, and other resources for researchers to review.

Confederate President Jefferson Finis Davis

The Life of Jefferson Davis

Jefferson Davis married the wife of former President Zachary Taylor. Davis’s bride passed away three months after their marriage from marlia while she was traveling to the Jefferson family home.

Ten years after the end of the Civil War, Jefferson Davis began to write the book, “The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government”.

Jefferson Finis Davis in the 1890s.

Chief Black Hawk, Confederate President Jefferson Finis Davis, President Abraham Lincoln, The Black Hawk War

President Abraham Lincoln and Confederate President Jefferson Davis – Veterans Of “The Black Hawk War”

Painting of Chief Back Hawk.

In the 1830s, Chief Black Hawk asked for food for his tribe but was not given any from a U.S. Government office. In response to this grievance, in addition to others he occurred, he attempted to unite several Indian tribes against the Americans who had taken their tribal lands.

Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis we’re both enlisted in the U.S. Army and were called to served in the Black Hawk War.

Author’s Note:

Zachary Taylor was also a veteran of the Black Hawk War.

Confederate President Jefferson Finis Davis, Kilpatrick-Dahlgren Raid, The Dahlgren Affair

Plans To Assassinate Confederate President Jefferson Davis Found In Union Colonel Ulric Dahlgren’s Pockets After The Kilpatrick-Dahlgren Raid

Painting of the Kilpatrick-Dahlgren Raid.

From February 28 to March 1, 1864 Union Brigadier General H. Judson Kilpatrick and Colonel Ulric Dahlgren launched failed a calvary ambush of Richmond, Virginia known as the Kilpatrick-Dahlgren Raid and as “The Dahlgren Affair”.

The union forces were repeatedly attacked, after retreating from Richmond, on their way to northern Virignia.

Union Colonel Ulric Dahlgren lead 200 troops during the retreat, to King and Queen County, Virginia. Colonel Dahlgren was shot and a thirteen year old boy found a letter describing plans to assassinate Confederate President Jefferson Davis. The plans were published in Confederate newspapers and Colonel Dahlgren’s body was hung in public display in Richmond.

Photograph of Union Colonel Ulric Dahlgren.

As retaliation, the Confederate government planned to kidnap Lincoln and to set explosives in the White House. Both plans had failed, just as the union plan to kill Jefferson Davis had failed.

Confederate President Jefferson Finis Davis, First White House of the Confederacy, Richmond, Virginia

The Second White House Of The Confederacy

From Febuary 1861 to late May 1861, Confederate President Jefferson Davis had the First White House of the Confederacy In Montgomery, Alabama. In the summer of 1861, the executive residence of the confederacy was moved to Richmond, Virginia, less than 100 miles from the U.S. White House, as a strategic move.

After the Union army, under General Grant’s command, invaded and burned down several parts of Richmond, Virginia the confederate government moved it’s capital to its third and last location of Danville, Virginia.

The confederate government operated in Danville, Virginia, for a mere eight days, until Jefferson Davis was captured and the confederate bureaucracy surrendered.

In present day the White House of the Confederacy is a musuem and the grounds around the house is a U.S. National Park.

The musuem has exhibits on several problems that the Confederate government had with its civilian population, including a bread riot that had occurred.

The confederate government often paid less than the actual value for food, or simply seized food, to feed the army.

In addition, Confederate citizens were subject to taxes on bank deposits and an graduated income tax. Businesses has taxes on business licenses and farmers had to pay a ten percent tax on everything they earned. These taxes caused resentment with the civilian population against their government.

Here is a documentary on the artifacts within the White House of the Confederacy.

Confederate President Jefferson Finis Davis, President James Monroe, The Hollywood Cemetery Of Richmond, Virginia

The Hollywood Cemetery Of Richmond, Virginia

The Hollywood Cemetery of Richmond, Virginia hosts the graves of a multitude of American historical figures including Revolutionary War Veteran and U.S. President James Monroe, War of 1812 Veteran and U.S. President John Tyler, as well as the grave of Confederate President Jefferson Finis Davis.

Gravesite of Confederate President Jefferson Finis Davis.

After the end of the Civil War, a Confederate Memorial Pyramid was established in the Hollywood Cemetery to honor the fallen soldiers and sailors of the southern military. The Confederate Memorial Pyramid was built out of granite rock from the James River.

Memorial Day gathering at the Confederate Pyramid In 1890.

The original grave marker for President John Tyler in 1900.

The Hollywood Cemetery grounds in 1900.

In 1953, the United Daughters of the Confederacy placed a plaque about notable persons buried in the Hollywood Cemetery, on the stone walls of the main office building. To this day, that plaque remains on one of the walls, facing a gate, next to the entrance.

Author’s Note:

In February 2018, author Philip Andrew Hamilton first visited the site of the Hollywood Cemetery.