On April 19, 1861, Confederate sympathizers, in Baltimore, Maryland, launched an attack on the 8th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment while the troops were changing trains. A week after the attack on Fort Sumter, this attack by “Pro-Confederate Rioters” resulted in the first loss of life during the United States Civil War.
The World Trade Center of Baltimore was constructed in 1977, along Baltimore’s Inner Harbor, and is the worlds tallest pentagonal shaped building in the world.
Steel from the original Twin Towers of the New York World Trade Center, which part of a complex of seven buildings that were built in 1973 and were destroyed by the September 11th 2001 terrorist attack in New York City, are in front of the World Trade Center of Baltimore. The World Trade Center of Baltimore is a satellite building of the World Trade Center complex of New York that were destroyed in 2001 and rebuilt from 2006 to 2014 as the One World Trade Center.
The 11th story of the building hosts the “Top Of The World” observation deck which has a variety of historical markers describing the different sections of the city
One of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, Charles Carroll III, who also went by Charles Carroll of Carrolton, laid the cornerstone of the Phoenix Shot Tower, which is also referred to as the Old Baltimore Shot Tower. When the construction of the Phoenix Shot Tower was completed is 234.25 feet tall and it was the tallest structure built in the United States at the time. In present day, the Phoenix Shot Tower May be seen from the World Trade Center Baltimore building.
Charles Carroll III died in 1832 and was the last surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence.
There are a multitude of heritage trails one can take in downtown Baltimore City that are representive of four centuries of human history.
The Baltimore Basilica is the site of the first Catholic Cathedral built in the United States.
A Pope John Paul II prayer garden has been established next to the cathedral.
George Peabody was a Massachusetts resident that has been honored within Mount Vernon Place In Baltimore.
In 1857 the Peabody Institute was created, which lead to funding for the construction of the Library of the Peabody Institute of the City of Baltimore in 1878.
In present day the library is known as simply the George Peabody Library, within the Mount Vernon Campus of Johns Hopkins University.
I’m 1849, Edgar Allen Poe, the author of various poems such as “The Raven”, was buried in an unmarked grave in Baltimore, Maryland. Miss Sara Sigourney started a movement to raise funds for a tombstone in 1865. It was not until 1875 that a tombstone was erected for Edgar Allen Poe. In present day, fans of Poe’s works visit his gravesite on the anniversary of his passing.
Fort McHenry was instrumental in defeating the British land and naval forces on September 12, 1814 during the War of 1812.
The fort would became known as the “Baltimore Bastille” for its time utilized as a Confederate prison camp. During the course of the U.S. Civil War about 2,000 political prisoners were held, including the Baltimore Mayor, the Baltimore Police Commissioner, a former Maryland Governor, 28 newspapermen and 31 members of the Maryland Assembly that were sympathetic to the Confederacy. An additional 2,000 Confederate soldiers, from the battles of Anthiem and Gettysburg, were held within Fort McHenry.
On July 1863, after the Battle of Gettysburg, a total of 6,957 individuals were held at Fort McHenry. That was the highest amount of prisoners kept at the fort, during the war, before they were transferred to other prisons.
The American Battlefield Trust lists other Civil War Prison Camps, including the infamous Belle Isle Prison, which was located on an island near Richmond, Virginia.
The Civil War Musuem of Baltimore is a landmark within Presidents Street Station that is within the proximity to a major riot that occurred at the beginning of the Civil War. Historical markers on the streets around the musuem, are one of several Maryland Civil War era trails statewide, that have been deemed as the “Baltimore Riot Trail”.
On April 18, 1861, a regiment of troops of Pennslyvania were pelted with rocks while traveling to the City of Baltimore by train. Then on April 19, 1861, William R. Clark, from North Carolina, was the first Confederate soldier to be killed in Baltimore during the civil war; due to the Pratt Street Riot, also known as the Baltimore Riot, that occurred against four companies of the 6th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Militia that were traveling in the City of Baltimore by train.
William Clark had served as a firefighter and was killed a mere few days after his enlistment. The riot ended when the union soldiers were greeted with 130 police officers, under Marshal George P. Kane, at the Camden Station.
A total of 16 individuals were killed from the disturbance, twelve of whom were civilians.
On May 13, 1861 General Benjamin Franklin Butler sent union troops into Federal Hill in Baltimore to instill federal control after the riot.
Soon after, President Lincoln relieved General Franklin Butler of his control of Baltimore and sent him to command troops protecting Washington D.C. in the event that Maryland were to secede to the Confederacy. A martial law declaration was made after the riot, which resulted in the arrest of the Mayor of Baltimore and the police commissioner on the suspicion of them working for the Confederacy.
The City of Baltimore, Maryland was incorporated on July 30, 1729 and named after Cecil Calvert whose royal name was Lord Baltimore.
Cecil Calvert has been the first Proprietor of the Province of Maryland, the second Proprietary Governor of the Colony of Avalon and the ninth Proprietary Governor of the Colony of Newfoundland.
Federal Hill is the site of many monuments, including the original Washington Monument which is older and smaller than the Washington Monument in the Washington, D.C.
Fort McHenry was the site of a decisive victory against the British Army and Navy on September 13, 1814.