Laurel, Maryland, NASA, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, The John Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, VT Fuze, World War II

The John Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory

In 1942, John Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory was established to help create the proximity fuze, known as the VT Fuze, that was instrumental in improving American site defenses during World War II. Since the era of the space race, the John Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory has worked with NASA to develop deep space research and other space technologies.

Author’s Note:

My daughter Krystal Marie Hamilton’s grandmother Charlene Roelecke and Richard G. Shelton both work for the John Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory campus in Laurel, Maryland. There is an addition Applied Physics Labratory in Silver Spring, Maryland.

Giovani De Verazano, Isaac Coffin, Ocean City, Maryland

Ocean City – A Beach Possibly Discovered By The Spanish Explorer Giovani De Verazano

In 1524 Giovani De Verazano, a Florentine explorer, became the first European to explore the area. During his exploration mission, Giovani De Verazano entered the Chincoteague Bay approximately forty miles south of Ocean City, Maryland. It is presumed that Giovani De Veranzano sailed as far north as the modern Ocean City area.

In 1869, Isaac Coffin constructed the first beach front cottage in the town and Scott built the Ocean House at Green River Beach that would house travelers in the area that would become known as Ocean City.

The Atlantic Hotel of Ocean City in 1910.

Before 1870, the beach town was known as, “The Ladies’ Resort to the Ocean”. The Atlantic Hotel, the first large scale hotel in Ocean City, opened on July 4th, 1875.

The Old Plimhimmon Hotel.
Interior of the Old Plimhimmon Hotel.
Group standing in front of the Old Plimhimmon Hotel.

In present day, the beach town of Ocean City has been a tourist destination with large sand sculptures and other large pieces of art that are on display for tourists.

It was not until he past twenty years that historical markers have been placed in the beach city.

Assateague Island, Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge

The Wild Horses Of Assateague Island

Assateague Island, off the Virginia and Maryland coastline, had a multitude of domestic horses released on its grounds. Some claim that the horses were domesticated Spanish horses from the 1500s. The wild horses there today are descendants of those domestic horses which make them feral.

In 1943, Assateague Island became part of the National Park Service’s Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge.

Presently, tourists may come to the island to see the wild horses.

Mother and foal grazing a beach on the island (National Park Service Photo).
Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, Philip Mead Dodson, Richard Stearns Dodson

The Dodson House – Within The Chesapeake Bay Maritime Musuem

The Dodson House was built in the 1860s by Richard Stearns Dodson, a business man who was the manager of the Fountain Hotel in Baltimore Maryland, the Herdic House Hotel in Williamsport, Pennsylvania, and the Atlantic Hotel in Norfolk, Virginia. Over time, Dodson amassed enough income to purchase the Atlantic Hotel. Richard’s son became a Maryland State Senator. Richards Stearns Dodson was buried in the Greenmount Cemetery in Baltimore, Maryland after his passing in 1897.

Photograph of Richard Stearns Dodson.

In present day the Dodson House, in addition to the Higgins and Eagle Houses, are owned by the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum.

The 1879 Hooper Strait Lighthouse near the Dodson House.

The Dodson House was renovated in 2000s and the 2010s due to the erosion of the bricks laid on the exterior of the house. New bricks were placed that are baked with a higher temperature.

The brick walls of the Dodson House under reconstruction in 2003.

Author’s Note:

The author Philip Hamilton is friends with Philip Meade Dodson, a resident of Arlington, Virginia, who’s relative used to own the Dodson House.

Elkridge Landing, Maryland, Elkridge, Maryland, Thomas Viaduct, U.S. Civil War

The Founding Of Elkridge, Maryland

Baltimore & Ohio Railroad’s Thomas Viaduct in Elkridge, Maryland.

Elkridge Landing, Maryland was founded in the 1750s and the lands within it were primarily used as a port for tobacco shipments.

The Thomas Viaduct, named after Baltimore & Ohio’s first President Philip E. Thomas, was a railroad bridge constructed between Relay, Maryland and Elkridge, Maryland July 4, 1833 to July 4, 1835. During the U.S. Civil War the Thomas Viaduct was used extensively to transport supplies for the Union Army.

In 1851, Howard County, which Elkridge Landing is a part of, became the 21st of Maryland’s 23 counties. Elkridge Landing was eventually renamed to Elkridge, Maryland.

The Elkridge Heritage Society has archived information regarding the history of the city.

Author’s Note:

The author Philip Hamilton used to live in Elkridge, Maryland in 2009.

The American Revolution, The Maryland State Capital Building

The Maryland State House Building – The Oldest Legislative Building In Continuous Use In The United States

Charles Willson Peale’s sketch of the Maryland State House that was published in the Columbian Magazine In 1789.

Construction for the Maryland State House building began on March 28, 1772, after the cornerstone was laid by Governor Robert Eden, and was not completed until 1797 due to the resources and manpower dedicated to fighting the American Revolution. From November 26, 1783 to August 13, 1784 the Continental Congress met at the Old Senate Chamber. While the Continental Congress convened in Maryland George Washington surrender his commission as Commander-In-Chief of the Continental Army.

This painting of George Washington resigning his commission is one of many paintings within the Maryland House Building.

Presently, the Maryland State House is the oldest legislative building in the United States in continuous government use.

The Maryland State Building is the only state capital building, in current use, that has previously served as the United States Capital building.

Annapolis, Maryland

The Founding Of Annapolis, Maryland

In 1649, Puritan exiles from the Providence of Virginia, led by the third Proprietary Governor William Stone, established the town of “Providence” within the Province of Maryland. Providence was founded on the north shore of the Severn River on the middle Western Shore of the Chesapeake Bay. The areas around Providence would eventually be referred to as Lord Baltimore’s wife with the name “Anne Arundel’s Towne”. The town was a cultural epicenter and was referred to as the, “Athens of America”. In modern times the city was renamed as Annapolis.

The oldest existing government building in the state of Maryland is the “Old Treasury Building” across the Maryland State House in Annapolis. The treasury was built in 1735.