General Richard Montgomery, Montgomery County, Maryland, Quebec, Canada, U.S. Revolutionary War

General Richard Montgomery – Whom Lead A Failed American Invasion Of Canada in 1775

Richard Montgomery was an Irish soldier who faught for Great Britain’s army that was established in the American colonies. During the Revolutionary War, Richard Montgomery served as a general who lead an invasion of Quebec, Canada in 1775.

The invasion of Quebec was the first major military initiative pushed the Continental Army. However, while the Continental army went on the offensive, the measure was a failure.

Montgomery County, Maryland was founded during the Revolutionary War, in 1776, and the county was named after General Richard Montgomery.

Howard County, Maryland

The Native Americans Of Howard County, Maryland

For hundreds of years, Native Americans lives in the Patapsco, Patuxent, Middle and Little Patuxent River valleys. Captain John Smith had seen some members of the Susquehannock tribes, also referred to as the Iroquoian speaking Susquehanna or Conestoga tribes, in person and drew a North American map depicting a Indian warrior in it. Captain John Smith once wrote:

They seemed like giants to the English. Their language sounds like a voice in a vault. …One had a wolf’s head hanging in a chain for a jewel. His tobacco pipe three-fourths of a yard long prettily carved with a bird or a deer at great end, sufficient to beat out one’s brains. The calf of the chief’s leg was threefourths of a yard about, and all his limbs so proportionate, that he seemed the goodliest man we ever beheld. His hair on the one side was long, and the other shorne close like a coxe’s comb. His arrows were five-fourths long, headed with the splinters of a white chrystal stone, like a heart an inch broad and one and one-half inches long; these he wore in a wolf’s skin at his back for a quiver.’”

Maryland Historical Magazine

In 1652, the Susquehannock tribes signed a peace treaty with Maryland, giving up their provenance over the territory that is now Howard County.

Governor Frank Brown

Frank Brown – The Only Carroll County Resident To Be Elected As Governor

Historical Society of Carroll County’s photograph of Governor Frank Brown.

Carroll County, Maryland was created by the state legislature in 1837 by appropriating segments of the Baltimore and Frederick Counties. Carroll County was named for Charles Carroll of Carrollton, the last surviving signer of the American Declaration of Independence.

Frank Brown was the only individual from Carroll County, Maryland to be elected as Governor of Maryland for a single term from 1892 to 1896.

Dr. Robert Hutchings Goddard, Herbert George Wells

Dr. Robert Hutchings Goddard – The Founder Of Rocketry

Dr. Robert Goddard with a rocket in his workshop at Roswell, New Mexico, in October 1935. (Credit NASA Goddard Flight Center).

Dr. Robert Hutchings Goddard was born on October 5, 1882, in Worcester, Massachusetts and was the only surviving child of his parents Fannie Louise Hoyt and Nahum Danford Goddard. Robert Hutchings Goddard was interested in science-fiction as a child, and developed an interest in outer space after reading Herbert George Wells’s novel, “The War of the Worlds.”

In 1915, Robert Hutchings Goddard launched his first powered rocket at Clark University. In 1917, Goddard was awarded $5,000 from the Smithsonian Institute in Washington, D.C to develop a rocket that could go into the upper atmosphere. During his time developing that rocket he utilized the laboratory at the Worcester Polytechnic Institute.

Dr. Robert Hutchings Goddard, Greenbelt, Maryland, NASA, National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, The NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, U.S. Senator John Glenn Beall, Junior

The NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

In August of 1958, U.S. Senator John Glenn Beall, Junior announced that the federal government would establish a “Space Projects Center” in Greenbelt, Maryland. The center site was part of the Department of Agriculture’s Beltsville Agricultural Research Center.

U.S. Senator John Glenn Beall, Junior after he won an election.

Months later, after the passage of the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, the Naval Research Laboratory’s Project Vanguard was legally transferred to the “Beltsville Space Center,” though it remained at the Naval Research Laboratory facilities until the completion of the new center.

Dr. Robert Hutchings Goddard with a liquid rocket.

In May of 1959, NASA formally announced that the new facility would be called Goddard Space Flight Center, after Dr. Robert Hutchings Goddard. Robert Goddard, whom is widely considered the father of modern rocketry, theorized that rockets would work in a vacuum, and thus could potentially be used to send payloads into space. On March 16, 1961, the 35th anniversary of Goddard’s first liquid-propellant rocket launch Goddard Space Flight Center was officially dedicated.

Researchers prepare Explorer XX, the Topside Sounder IE-A, for launch. The satellite was put into orbit on 25 August 1964. (Credit NASA Goddard Space Center).

The NASA Goddard Visitor Center has various exhibits for visitors to see.

Ariel view of NASA’s Goddard Visitor Center. (Credit NASA Goddard Flight Center).

Author’s Note:

Dan Hamilton, the father of author Philip Hamilton, worked at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center from 1991 to 2018.

Greenbelt, Maryland, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt

The Maryland City That Was Founded As Part Of FDR’s New Deal

The town of Greenbelt, Maryland was founded in 1937, as 3,500 workers from the New Deal Program was sent to live and to work in that part of Maryland. Greenbelt was the first community established in the United States as a federal venture for housing.

The Greenbelt History Musuem in Maryland.

The Greenbelt Musuem has more information on how the New Deal influenced Greenbelt.

Westminster, Maryland, William Winchester

William Winchester – The Revolutionary War Veteran That Founded Westminster, Maryland

William Winchester, whom was born in Winchester, England in December 22, 1711, arrived in the Colony of Maryland on March 6, 1729. Two years later William went to Annapolis, Maryland as an endentured servant.

William Winchester founded the City of Westminster, Maryland in 1764 by laying out 65 lots with roads that lead to the city of Baltimore. After founding the city of Westminster, William Winchester served in the Revolutionary War with the Committee of Correspondence purchasing arms on behalf of the militias.

William Winchester passed away on September 2, 1790 and was buried at the Westminster Cemetery.

Additional Recourses:

Nancy Warner’s “Carroll County Maryland – A History 1837-1976.”