History of Mississippi: the Heart of the South, Mississippi

The Four Mississippi State Legislature Buildings During The Civil War

The Civil War Mississippi Capital buildings utilized after the Battle of Vicksburg from 1863 to 1865. – Courtesy Mississippi Department of Archives and History PI/Printing Plates (used in Dunbar Rowland’s History of Mississippi: The Heart of the South).

During the Civil War, four buildings were used by state legislature. In 1861, Mississippi held their secession vote in the Old Capital Building. In 1863, after the Battle of Vicksburg, the Old Capital Building was captured by General Ulysses S. Grant’s Army. Therefore, between 1863 to 1865, the Mississippi State legislature convened in the Lowndes County Courthouse, the Calhoun Institute, near Macon; and the Columbus Christian Church.

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