In Tuskegee, Alabama, the U.S. military utilized five airfields for the training of fighter pilots. The Kennedy Airfield was utilized for civilian pilot training and for war training service, the Motion Field was for primary pilot training, the Tuskegee Army Airfield was used for basic and advanced pilot training, the Griel Field was used for auxiliary training and the Shorter Field was a practice auxiliary field for the Tuskegee Army Airfield.
During World War II, the military trained African American men to pilot fighter planes for the United States military for the first time. The trained African American pilots had their first escort mission in Europe about two years after their training began. These African American pilots went on other missions and became known as the Tuskegee Airmen. About one thousand Tuskegee Airmen were trained from 1941 to 1946.
Currently, these airfields are now part of the U.S. National Park Service Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site.