Martin Luther King, Junior, Montgomery, Alabama, Rosa Louise McCauley Parks

Civil Rights Activist Rosa Louise McCauley Parks

On February 13, 1913, Rosa Louise McCauley was born in Tuskegee, Alabama. Her parents James and Leona McCauley both we’re former slaves were adamant advocates for civil rights. In 1932, Rosa Louise McCauley married NAACP member Raymond Parks, and changed her name to Rosa Louise McCauley Parks.

Photograph of Raymond Parks.

On December 1, 1955, Rosa Louise McCauley Parks, on her way home from work, refused to give up her bus seat and was arrested in Montgomery, Alabama. The arrest of Rosa Parks launched Martin Luther King, Junior’s Montgomery Bus Boycott.

In 1956, after the boycott ended, Rosa Parks took a bus ride for her first time since she was arrested in an unsegregated bus.

In 2015, 60 years after Rosa Parks was arrested, a historical marker commemorating the civil rights icon and the Montgomery Bus Boycott was established in Montgomery, Alabama.

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