Alabama has had five capitals during its history as a territory and as a state. The first was the territorial capital in Saint Stephens in 1817, followed by the state convention in Huntsville in 1819, then the first “permanent” capital in Cahaba in 1820.
It was then moved to Tuscaloosa in 1826, until coming to rest in Montgomery in 1846.
The “New France” settlement of La Mobile, which is in the present day city of Mobile, Alabama, used to serve as the capital of the French Louisiana Territory from 1702 to 1711.
I'm a Virginia historian and legal expert who is related to individuals who rode on the Mayflower ship, American founding father George Mason IV, three Union veterans from the U.S. Civil War, two of whom marched with General Sherman to Atlanta, two Confederate veterans, and President Theodore Roosevelt’s and Franklin Roosevelt’s family.
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