The Monroe Doctrine

The Monroe Doctrine

On December 2, 1823, President James Monroe, during an annual address to Congress, established the “Monroe Doctrine” to encourage American westward expansion, years after his friend Thomas Jefferson negotiated with the French government to make “The Louisiana Purchase”, and to declare his opposition to European and Russian colonial and military claims to North American lands. James Monroe wanted European colonies, and the Russian Forts along the California Coast, to be removed from North American lands and for the United States to gain control of the lands west of the boundaries of the United States at the time of his presidency.

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