The United States Supreme Court first operated in the New York Merchants Exchange building. In 1790, when the capital was moved to Philadelphia, the Supreme Court moved to Independence Hall and later to the City Hall building.
When the capital moved to the District of Columbia the Supreme Court was relocated the United States Capital building. During the Supreme Court’s tenure there the court had to relocate its chambers a dozen times.
After over a hundred years of various Supreme Court relocations, William Howard Taft, who had served as U.S. President from 1909 to 1913, lobbied Congress to authorize the construction of a United States Supreme Court building. Taft had began lobbying for the Supreme Court building in 1912 and did not gain traction then. It was not until former President Taft became a Chief Justice in 1921 that he again lobbied Congress for a separate Supreme Court building. Congress approves of the plans and the architect Cass Gilbert made the design for the structure. In 1932 the cornerstone of the U.S. Supreme Court building was laid down.
William Taft died in 1934 before the United States Supreme Court building was completed in 1935. On October 7, 1935 the Supreme Court held it’s first session at the new building. This is a list of all of the case law decided in 1935.
In present day the sessions of the highest federal court are available for viewing by the public at fifteen minutes at a time.
When author Philip Hamilton was an intern for the National Security Subcommittee, under the Government Reform Committee for U.S. Congress, he was invited to an intern lecture series with Justice Anthony Scalia at the U.S. Supreme Court building. Philip Hamilton asked Justice Scalia, “Is our government focused on freedom of religion or freedom from religion?” Justice Scalia, being a Catholic, responded that the government needs to protect freedom of religion, and to object to atheists demands to remove Christian crosses and other landmarks in military cemeteries and other government properties around the country.