After Adolph Hitler’s German government fell, hundreds of German scientists, who had worked on Nazi regime’s V-1 and V-2 missile programs, ended up working for the missile and space programs of various countries around the world. In the United States, the forced immigration of 94 Nazi scientists, from Germany into the United States, for the purpose of working on the U.S. Army’s White Sands Missile Range and the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) space program was called “Operation Paperclip”.
In Egypt the former Nazi scientists were utilized to develop long rang missiles for their wars against the Jewish state of Isreal. The Nazi scientists who continued to use their expertise to help other counties kill Jewish people, after the failed holocaust, were sought after by Mossad, an Israeli Intelligence Agency, in Operation Damocles.
Otto Skorzeny, a former Nazi SS Officer, was working with the Israeli government to hunt down the former Nazis in Egypt.
The documentary, “Inside The Mossad”, Ronen Bergman‘s book, “Rise and Kill First: The Secret History of Israel’s Targeted Assassinations” and The Jerusalem Post have more information about the Mossad’s Operation Damocles in 1962.