The city of Denver was founded on November 22, 1858 when William Greeneberry Russell and a group of prospectors discovered gold in Pike’s Peak within the Rocky Mountains, which was part of the Kansas Territory.
William Greeneberry Russell was a gold prospector from Georgia, who was escalating for gold in Colorado during a return trip to his home state from California.
The gold rush in California compelled settlers to seek out gold in other states. However, the gold mining output at the Empire Mine in Grass Valley, California and other mines in that state, greatly surpassed mining efforts in Colorado.
Despite the small deposit of gold that was found in the South Platte River, settlers remained and established a business district in Denver.