Juan de Oñate, New Mexico, San Juan de Caballeros, San Juan Pueblo

San Juan de Caballeros – The First Capital Of New Mexico

On January 26, 1598 Spanish Governor Juan de Oñate Spanish took 600 settlers to venture east into present day New Mexico. Seven months later, on July 4th 1598 Oñate took sixty horseman to San Juan Pueblo. Nearby, San Juan de Caballeros, the first capital of New Mexico, was established.

The Cuarto Centenario Memorial, which is dedicated to the settlers who established the first cities of New Mexico, is established in Albuquerque, which is about 60 miles away from New Mexico’s present day capital of Santa Fe.

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