The Billy Graham Evangelistic Association hosts the site of Billy Graham’s former childhood home, his library and the gravesite of Billy Graham and his wife Ruth Graham.
On July 1861, William McLean owned a plantation in Manassas, Virginia, which became occupied by Confederate General Beauegard shortly after the beginning of the U.S. Civil War. Shortly after William McLean left his militarily occupied home, with his family, the fireplace in his detached kitchen was hit by a shell during the Battle of Blackburn’s Ford. Soon after, William McLean worked as an unpaid quartermaster for the Confederacy. However, after the Second Battle of Manassas, in August 1862, William McLean made the decision to move his family to another plantation in Appomattox, Virginia.
Three years after William McLean moved to his new residence, the outcome of the U.S. Civil War followed him to his new home.
On April 10, 1865, the day after the Battle of Appomattox Courthouse, the first level of the McLean Home was the location where General Robert Edward Lee agreed to meet to officially surrender to General Ulysses S. Grant.
After the surrender documents were signed, General Robert Edward Lee decided to give a speech to the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, after the Union successfully blocked that army from meeting Joe Johnston’s army in North Carolina. Many soldiers objected to surrendering and offered to fight in the mountains conducting guerrilla warfare. General Lee in his farewell speech to his men argued otherwise by stating:
“After four years of arduous service marked by unsurpassed courage and fortitude, the Army of Northern Virginia has been compelled to yield to overwhelming numbers and resources.
I need not tell the brave survivors of so many hard fought battles, who have remained steadfast to the last, that I have consented to this result from no distrust of them; but feeling that valor and devotion could accomplish nothing that could compensate for the loss that must have attended the continuance of the contest, I determined to avoid the useless sacrifice of those whose past services have endeared them to their countrymen.
By the terms of the agreement, officers and men can return to their homes and remain until exchanged. You will take with you the satisfaction that proceeds from a consciousness of duty faithfully performed; and I earnestly pray that a Merciful God will extend to you His blessings and protection.
With an unceasing admiration of your constancy and devotion to your Country, and a grateful remembrance of your kind and generous consideration for myself, I bid you all an affectionate farewell”.
After General Lee’s surrender, Ulysses S. Grant sent a telegraph to Washington, D.C. notifying President Abraham Lincoln of the fall of the Army of Northern Virginia. April 9, 1865, was General Grant’s last day on the field and he made his way to Washington, D.C. the next day.
On April 11, 1865, after Ulysses S. Grant and Robert Edward Lee had left Appomattox, the artillery surrendered the entirely of their arms to the Union Army.
After the events at Appomattox. U.S. President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated, Confederate President Jefferson Davis was captured, confederate gurellia warfare never William Quantrill was captured and Washington, D.C. was planning a victory parade. However, the Battle of Palmito Ranch, also known as the Battle of Palmito Hill, was faught in May 12th and 13th in 1865. The Texan Union soldiers and Confederate soldiers had not gotten word of the Army of Northern Virginia’s surrender and believed that the war was still raging on. Ironically, although the Union had technically won the war the Confederacy won the last battle of the U.S. Civil War.
During the fall of 1865, Timothy O’Sullivan photographed the McLean House while members of the McLean family sat on the porch. After the war, the property around the McLean House continued to operate as a farm and eventually changed ownership.
On June 11, 1926, fifty one years after the end of the Civil War, a confederate soldier reunion, for the North Carolina regiment, was held at the Battle of Appomattox Courthouse.
On April 10th 1940, seventy five years after General Lee’s surrender, a majority in the U.S. Congress voted to establish the Appomattox Court House National Historical Monument. On December 7, 1941, after the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor, restoration plans for the McLean House were stalled. On November 25, 1947, after the end of World War II, bids for the reconstruction of the McLean House began.
On April 16, 1950, after a speech by historian Douglas Southall Freeman in front of a crowd of approximately 20,000 individuals. Major General Ulysses Simpson Grant III and Robert Edward Lee IV cut the ribbon at the dedication ceremony of the McLean House. The meeting of the grandsons of Robert Edward Lee and of Ulysses S. Grant.
The home is located in Appomattox, Virginia near the McLean House and the Appomattox Courthouse. The home is currently under the ownership of the National Park Service.
The Fairfax Musuem and Visitor Center is located within a former schoolhouse in Fairfax City, Virginia.
On October 12, 2020, which is called Columbus Day and Indigenous Peoples’ Day, a group of about 300 people tore down the statutes of President Abraham Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt in what the rioters called “A Day of Rage”. Portland Mayor Ted Wheeler condemned the violence and Portland mayor canidate Sarah Iannarone stated, “Public access to art is vital to our city’s cultural fabric … I condemn all acts of violence and destruction, especially those targeting public art.”
Should we as a society ever tolerate the taking down of statutes of, “The Great Emancipator”? What will it take as an American people to stand up to rioters and to tell them that we will no longer allow you to destroy public works or art and to destroy aspects of our nation’s history?
On June 1865, Union soldiers stationed at the Fairfax Courthouse, whom were tasked with burial duty, dedicated the “Bull Run Monument” to the Union dead from the First and Second Battle of Manassas.
The first Confederate monument was dedicated to Colonel Francis Stebbins Bartow, a mere six weeks after the First Battle of Manassas. Colonel Francis Stebbins Bartow, am attorney and politician from Georgia, was the first Confederate officer to die during the battle.
The Libera House is the site where Confederate President Jefferson Davis watched the First Battle of Bull Run. A year later President Abraham Lincoln visited the same home to discuss the war efforts.
During the First Battle of Manassas Jackson, a supporter of the Union before the state of Virginia decided to secede to the Confederacy, led an assault against federal troops near the Stone House. During the battle, one of Jackon’s fellow generals said, “Look, men, there is Jackson standing like a stone wall!”
In 1938, the Sons of the Confederacy erected a statute of General Stonewall Jackson on the Manassas Battlefield site.
The First Battle of Manassas was not only the first large engagement of the US Civil War, but it was also the first time that troops were transported to the battlefield via train. The army of the Confederacy sent in soldiers to reinforce their lines during the First Battle it Manassas.
The Sandy Spring Slave Musuem and Art Gallery, of Olney, Maryland, features various artifacts from the different eras of human slavery around the world.
One of the cabins on the grounds of the musuem was built in Olney, Maryland in the 1850s and housed between 10 to 12 African American slaves.
Fairfax County resident Philip Andrew Hamilton, a descendant of members of the Mayflower, Revolutionary War Patriot George Mason IV, and the Roosevelt family tied to two iconic United States Presidents, is seeking to fill a Historical Commission vacancy within the City of Fairfax, Virginia. Philip Hamilton has traveled to 43, out of 50 states, within the United States of America for his history website which he began in February 2018:
Philip has visited various sites that his relative Theodore Roosevelt has been in; such as the Henry Cowell Redwoods State Park in Santa Cruz, California that Theodore Roosevelt had once hiked with John Muir at for three days, Yosemite National Park where Theodore Roosevelt once hiked with John Muir in 1903, and at his former Ranch in Medora, South Dakota which was a stepping stone to his time as a “rough rider”. Philip Hamilton has also followed the footsteps of President Franklin Roosevelt by visiting the former United States Naval Yard in Mare Island in Vallejo, California and the the USS Iowa Battleship which FDR utilized to visit Joseph Stalin and Winston Churchill in Algeria to plan for D-Day.
Philip Hamilton has dedicated time learning about the Civil Rights Movement in America by visiting the former home of Martin Luther King, Junior in Montgomery, Alabama, the Harris House which hosted many Freedom Riders in Montgomery, Alabama, the Civil Rights Institute in Birmingham, Alabama, the site of the sit-ins in Tallahassee, Florida, the Ebenezer Baptist Church where Martin Luther King, Senior and Martin Luther King, Junior once preached, the Martin Luther King Institute that Coretta Scott King helped establish within the campus of Stanford University, the site on Treasure Island, California of the African American soldiers who were put on trail for protesting segregationist military conditions after the Port Chicago explosion, in addition to many additional sites related to the history of the movement.
Philip Hamilton has personally met with Clarence Benjamin Jones, the former speechwriter and attorney for Martin Luther King, Junior, Eli Ghandi the granddaughter of Mahatma Gandhi, and Rita Chávez the sister of farm workers’ rights activist César Chávez.
In addition, Philip Hamilton has visited the sites of various Japanese Interment Camps in Manzanar, California, Tule Lake, California, and Tupaz, Utah and has met former Japanese Internment Camp members in California and Virginia. Philip Hamilton digitalized one of his James Madison High School classmate’s interviews of Robert Nakamoto and donated that interview to the Japanese American Museum of San Jose.
Philip Hamilton brings an intimate level of knowledge pertaining to hundreds of historical sites around the United States of America and will bring forth a truly unique perspective to the Historical Commission of Fairfax, City Virginia, if granted the honor of an appointment. Please contact Matthew Kaiser, the Communications Director for Fairfax City Mayor David Meyer, at Matthew.Kaiser@FairfaxVA.Gov and Susan Inskeep Gray, at Susan.Gray@FairfaxVA.Gov with your recommendation for Philip Hamilton to be appointed to the historical committee.
Richard Ratcliffe built a plantation on land that George Mason II, the grandfather of revolutionary George Mason IV, received as a land grant from the King of England. In 1798, Richard Ratcliffe donated four acres of his land for the purpose of building a courthouse within Fairfax, Virginia.
The Historic Blenheim House was constructed in 1859, shortly after another home on that same property had burned down. During the United States Civil War both the Confederacy and the Union occupies the home.
The Blenheim House is one of the multiple locations where soldiers drew art on the walls and is party of the “Civil War Graffiti Trails”. A replica of the Union Solider graffiti art, in the ceiling of the Blenheim House, is in the visitors center.
On October 6, 2020 author Philip Andrew Hamilton got to meet one of the members of a citizen committee who helped convince the City of Fairfax to preserve the Blenheim House as a historical home, rather than converting it to a nursing home.
The home of former Confederate General Thomas Johnathan “Stonewall” Jackson was built in Lexington, Virginia.
Fort George was built by the British military and named after King George III. In 1781, the fort was used as a defense against the Spanish forces during the Battle of Pensacola.
Henry Bradley Plant, an oil and railroad businessman, established a grand hotel in Tampa, Florida. This hotel now serves the the a museum for the former businessman’s collections and his family legacy.
In 1916, Associate Justice Louis Dembitz Brandeis became the first Jewish man to serve in the United States Supreme Court, after President Woodrow Wilson appointed him. Justice Dembitz served in the nation’s highest court until 1939.
On September 18, 2020, the first day of Roshana (the Jewish New Year), the first Jewish woman, to serve as an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, passed away. Ever since President Clinton nominated and the U.S. Senate confirmed Ruth Bader Ginsburg, she has been a consistent liberal vote in the court. Despite her legal disagreements with the Catholic Justice Antonin Gregory Scalia, Justice Gingsburg and Justice Scalia maintain led a friendship during their time in court.
In 2016, the author Philip Andrew Hamilton sat on an oral argument for a pending U.S. Supreme Court case in which Associate Justice Ruth Bader Ginsberg was present. Later that year, Philip Andrew Hamilton got to sit in a room with fifty other Congress’s interns and ask Associate Justice Scalia a question whether or not he, “Believed in freedom of religion or freedom from religion” regarding the displaying of crosses on public lands.
On September 13, 2020, the Fairfax Board of Supervisiors voted to remove the Marr Monument and the historical marker next to the Historic Fairfax Courthouse.
On October 5, 2020, author Philip Andrew Hamilton personally visited the Marr Monument after registering to vote in the state of Virginia at the Fairfax City Hall building, down the street from the Historic Fairfax Courthouse.
In August 2020, after a series of lightening strikes, from a tropical storm, hit the Santa Cruz Mountains multiple wildfires emerged, including multiple ones inside of California’s oldest state park. One of the fires complexity burned the headquarters of Big Basin State Park, which had been built by the Civilian Conservation Corps in 1936 and listed as a National Historic Landmark. Several redwood trees around the headquarters also fell from the extreme heat.
In 1948, Lightner bought the former Alcazar hotel and utilized it to store his collection of tens of thousands of items. This building would be eventually known as the Lightner Museum.
Im present day, the former Alcazar Hotel serves as both the Lightner Museum and as the Saint Augustine City Hall building.
Lightner possibly had the largest collection in the world at the time of the creation of his museum.
William Wing Loring served in the U.S. Army during the Mexican American War, achieved the rank of Colonel and served in the Confederate States Army as a Major General. Loring’s fifteen year military career came to an end with his surrender to General Sherman, shortly after General Robert E. Lee’s surrender to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox in 1865. After four years working on southern investments in New York, the Egyptian Military offered Loring a job commanding the forces in Egypt in 1869. Loring would spend a total of ten years serving in the Egyptian military.
“The Loring Memorial” in Saint Augustine, Florida honors the time that Loring spent in the U.S. Military, the Confederate States of America and in Egypt.
In the 1500s, Castillo de San Marcos was built to protect the Spanish colonists who established the city of Saint Augustine within the former colony of Florida.
Before the Revolutionary War, Britain obtained the lands in Florida from Spain. At the end of the Revolutionary War the British, agreed to cede the lands in Florida back to Spain. In 1819, the United States purchased the lands in Florida from Spain, this acquiring the oldest fort in the continental United States.
On September 1565, Spanish explorers founded Saint Augustine within the future colony of Florida. Saint Augustine would eventually become the oldest city in the United States of America.
Archibald Bulloch, the great great grandfather of President Theodore Roosevelt, faught as a solider during the American Revolution. Bulloch was buried in a Revolutionary War gravesite in Savannah, Georgia.
After the War of 1812, congress authorized the creation of Fort Sumter, which was named after the Revolutionary War hero General Thomas Sumter. The fort was built to protect the harbor outside of the city of Charleston, South Carolina. Construction began in 1829, and the structure was still unfinished in 1861, when the Civil War began. At the time of the civil war there was four forts within the Charleston Harbor, with Sumter being the largest of the forts.
On November 1860, Major Robert Anderson was promoted to the commander of Fort Moultrie, near Fort Sumter.
On December 1860, shortly after the state of South Carolina ceded the Union and became the “Republic of South Carolina” ship the Star of West was sailed past Fort Sumter. There was an altercation where shots were fired at the ship. The incident almost led to the outbreak of the Civil War, but the federal garrison decided to not escalate the attack. President Buchanan chose time not invade the Republic of South Carolina.
As more states seceded from the Union to join the Confederacy, federal troops left the forts in those states. However, the commander of the four federal forts around Fort Sumter, under the command of Robert Anderson decided to hold their ground. Commander Anderson decided to secretly abandon the less secure Fort Moultrie to the higher and more secure walls within Fort Sumter. However, this undercover action angered Jefferson Davis and members of the Confederate government.
On April 1865, a telegraph was sent from the the Confederate Capital, in Montgomery, Alabama, to South Carolina authorizing an attack on Fort Sumter if the federal troops did not vacate. The federal troops did not leave, thus resulting in a two day battle which led to the federal troops evacuating the fort.
Union soldiers got a hold of fort near Charleston and utilized a massive cannon with a range of 5 miles. That cannon fired 36 shots into the city of Charleston before it was disabled.
Confederate soldiers held onto Fort Sumter for years until General Sherman began his March to Charleston. Confederate soldiers finally abandoned the fort once news of Sherman’s march reached military command.
Between 1809 and 1810, Castle Pinckney, which was named after South Carolina politician Charles Pinckney, was built in the Charleston Harbor. In 2011, the Sons of Confederate Veterans purchased the site of Castle Pinckney.
On March 15, 2020, President Donald Trump signed the “Fort Sumter and Fort Moultrie National Historical Park Act”, a bill introduced by South Carolina Republican Tim Scott, into law. The law turned Fort Sumter and Fort Moultrie from National Monuments into National Parks.
The site of Chimney Rock State Park, within the Appalachian Mountains in western North Carolina, is a geological icon within Hickory Nut Gorge. Originally the site was privately owned, with a tunnel built beneath the granite rock that is over 500 years old. The tunnel provided access to an elevator that takes visitors to the top of the rock.
On May 4, 2005, Chimney Rock State Park was established on after the purchase of the 1,568-acre “World’s Edge” tract from the Carolina Mountain Land Conservancy.
The Johnny Cash Musuem was established in Nashville, Tennesse by one of Johnny Cash’s friends.
Johnny Cash sung in the presence of President Richard Nixon during the bicentennial celebration of the United States is America and has worked both as a musician and as an actor with various celebrities such as Willie Nelson. Cash was lessor known for his role as an author of multiple books.
Johnny Cash’s last music video was a cover, from the Nine Inch Nails song “Hurt”. While the song was a cover, it reflected his beliefs as a man in senior age and his willingness to accept the closure of his musical career.
Johnny Cash has lived in a home outside of Nashville, Tennessee. However, shortly after the Cash home was sold to another musicians, the home burned to the ground while contractors worked on renovating the house.
The owner of the Johnny Cash Musuem met Cash during one of his concerts. Johnny Cash threw his harmonica into the crowd, the museum owner caught it, and Cash invited him to speak to him on stage.
President Andrew Jackson lived outside of the town of Nashville, Tennessee during his time in the military and as U.S. President.
The wife of Andrew Jackson had the inside of the home fitted with a set of wallpaper, from France, that depicts multiple Greek tales.
The grace of Andrew Jackson, his wife, and one of his slaves is within the gardens of the home.
While the site of the Andrew Jackson Hermitage home was owned by the state of Tennesse, it utilized as a recovery site for injured Confederate soldiers, after the civil war ended. One of Andrew Jackson’s grandchildren had died while fighting with the Tennessee Confederate army.
After the Lincoln family moved to Indiana the mother of Abraham Lincoln got sick from a milk disease that her neighbors also got sick from. The disease is caused when humans drink milk from cows that eat a certain berry.
On Febuary 12, 1809, Nancy Hanks Lincoln gave birth to President Abraham Lincoln inside a cabin on the Sinking Spring Farm in Hodgenville, Kentucky.
The cabin was abandoned when the Lincoln family moved to Abraham Lincoln’s boyhood home in Indiana. After Lincoln’s death, the site of his birth became a United States National Park. A memorial. was built and the original birth cabin was placed inside of it.
The “Boundary Oak”, a tree that was about 25 years old at Abraham Lincoln’s birth, became the last living link to Lincoln. In 1976, that Great White Oak tree died.
The Nancy Inn was another structure near the birth-cabin that also established after Lincoln’s death.
In 1860, before the start of the U.S. Civil War, Ulysses S. Grant moved his family to the town of Galena, Illlinois.
Including Grant, a total of nine U.S. Civil War Generals lived in the town of Galena, Illinois. One of Grant’s friends, with a residence a few blocks from his home in Gelena, served as the ambassador of France during his term as President.
After Grant’s passing from cancer, a statute of him was erected near his home in area called “Grant’s Park”.
Grant’s Park consists of a few cannons, including one which was fired in Galena on the day that Confederate President Jefferson Davis was captured.
The “Dignity Statute” of South Dakota is modeled after three Native American women.
The Dignity Statute is located near a site where Lewis and Clark once camped with Sojurn, a Native American guide, at Camp Pleasant.
In 1927, the figure of President George Washington was first sculpted in the Black Hills of South Dakota by a French artist. It took over twenty years for four presidents to be sculpted on the side of the Mount Rushmore.
On Saturday July 18, 2020 a couple of Lakota Native Americans held a pow wow demonstration at the Crazy Horse Memorial grounds.
In 1873, the United States Army transported the leader of the Modoc tribe, in addition to some of his followers, to Fort Klamath in southern Oregon to be executed.
The Lava Beds National Monument is the site of various Native American Petroglyhs, which were carved into rocks in Modoc County, California over 4,000 years ago.
Modoc Indians, whom had a chief who agreed to relocate their tribe from the Tule Lake area in Northeastern California to a reservation in southern Oregon, were resentful of their ill treatment over the course of six years. Many young warriors, left the reservation, and theatended to fight settlers and the U.S. Military for their right to return to the land that they left. The Modoc War began when peace commissioners rejected a request to have the reservation moved back to Tule Lake, California. This rejection of peace terms promoted Kintpuash and other Modocs to kill Bridager General Edward Canby, and to kill and wound two other peace commissioners at the site of Canby Cross.
The Weed Historic Lumber Town Museum showcases the history of the town founded by a United States Civil War veteran Abner Edward Weed.
Philip Andrew Hamilton visited the Weed Historic Lumber Town Musuem on Independence Day in 2020 and got a tour from the Musuem manager by Jim Taylor.
Amber Edward Weed, was a Union Civil War soldier, whom later founded the town of Weed, California after establishing the Weed Lumber Company. Amber Weed became a a town council member and a California State Senator.
On Friday June 19, 2020, San Francisco protestors tore down a statute of Ulysses Grant , a veteran of the Mexican-American War, the commander of the Union Forces during the U.S. Civil War and a former U.S. President who oversaw the ratifcation of the 15th Amendment, the creation of the Justice Department to supress the first resurgance of the Ku Klux Klan, amd whom appointed several African Americans to prominent positions in government during reconstruction. In addition, Grant’s father was an abolitionist and after the battle at Fort Sumter Grant stated to him, “My inclination is to whip the rebellion into submission, preserving all Constitutional rights. If it cannot be whipped any other way than through a war against slavery, let it come to that legitimately. If it is necessary that slavery should fall that the Republic may continue its existence, let slavery go.” The Union was losing the war after the Battle of Anteitam and almost lost the war at the Battle of Gettsburg. Many Union generals, along the the eastern theatre of the war, choose to retreat to the higher castaulties that they were incurring. However, when Grant won over the Confederacy at Vicksburg, New Orleans and other cities along the Mississippi River, Lincoln made Grant the Grand Commander of the Union Army and the first ever Five Star General. Without Grant’s battle hardness and unwillingless to retreat in Virginia, the Civil War could’ve dragged on for years and Washington, D.C. could of been invaded by the Confederacy. But deapite all of Grant’s noble accomplishments he had one sin, the ownership of the slave William Jones, a man who was gifted to him by his southern wife’s grandfather. Grant viewed slavery as his father did, and did not want to own a person under bondage. However, Grant accepted Jones into his household to please his wife’s family and freed him before the Civil War began.
During Juneteeth celebrations in 2020, San Francisco protestors failed to consider the entire context of Ulysses Grant’s background and to label him as someone who needs to be removed from the public space due fo his ownership of William Jones. This is one step too far in the movement to remove any representarion of any caucasian men seen as unworthy continual praise due to them being held accountable to modern standards.
I say “fuck you”, in the strongest terms, to the protestors who fail to respect our national heritage and whom seek to destroy artifacts of individuals tied to the history of the United States, regardless of if those individuals led to signifcant gains in the plight for freedom of African Americans.
Honestly, I hope that those protestors are held criminally responsible for damaging the statue of Ulysses Grant and that they are held financially responsible for putting that statue of Grant back up. In addition, I believe that the organization of “Black Lives Matter” should be held liable for the destruction of public property that their members have participated in.
Americans need to stop destroying statues of caucasians and europeans in public spaces and call for the creation of more statues of African Americans in the public so that they are represented more in the public.
If the leadership of “Black Lives Matter” does not call for a stop to the destructionof public statues, they will end up losing support of their organization from individuals who see them as deviating far from the goal of holding police accountable for their acts of brutality and of reform of community policing.
The group “All Historical Statues Matter” was created by Philip Andrew Hamilton after the toppling of Preaident Ulysses S. Grant’s statue at the Golden Gate Park in San Francisco on June 19, 2020. The tearing down of historical artifacts and statues has gone too far, and a community of historical groups, community acitvists, politicans and police need to work in conjunction to protect other historical statutes in America. The will of a vocal majority cannot trump the will of others who wish to keep our national heritage in place.
The statue of President Grant was under the protection of the National Park Service, which failed to prevent it’s toppling. Other statues of President Grant under the juriasiction of the United States National Parks are at Fort Humbolt, in Northern California, and the Ulysses S. Grant Civil War Memorial in downtown Washington D.C. The newest statue of President Grant was erected at the West Point Army Base on June 2019.
The childhood home of actress ZaSu Pitts is in downtown Santa Cruz, City California, near the courthouse on Ocean Street that President Theodore Roosevelt once spoke at.
ZaSu Pitts started in various silent films including, “Greed”.
Philip Andrew Hamilton visited the home on June 6, 2020.
In 1993, Hillary Rodham Clinton visited the “Darling House”, with a view of the last surviving of the three Santa Cruz wharfs that had been built in the county, while she was the First Lady.
Hillary Clinton had a personal relationship with the Darling family and spoke at Adam Darling’s funeral after his passing.
In 2006, author Philip Andrew Hamilton met U.S. Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton at her office while she was representing the state of New York. At the time Philip worked for the National Security Subcommittee, under the Government Reform Committee, for the U.S. Congress.
Theodore Jesse Hoover, the older brother of former President Herbert Hoover, once owned the land that comprised of the former Rancho Del Oso.
The Portola Expedition had camped for three days by the land that comprised of the former ranch.
In 1901, Theodore Hoover graduated from Stanford University with a degree with a Bachelor’s of Arts in Mining and Geology.
Presently, the lands encompassing Rancho del Olso is part of the Big Basin State Park and the Hoover Preserve.
In 1903, President Theodore Roosevelt visited the Santa Cruz Courthouse after visiting the redwood forest, with John Muir, at the present day Henry Cowell State Park.
In the late 1700s, the last of the “Bear and Bull Fights” occurred in the California providence of Mexico.
Osip Volkov was born to a Russian father and Kamchadal mother in Petropavlosk, Kamchatka around 1798. Nothing is known of his early life, but it appears he became an employee of the Russian America Company as a young man. In 1815, he was either captured by the Spanish or jumped ship near Point Conception, California. Although the Russian American Company tried to get Osip back, Osipn evaded working for the company again by becoming an interpretive for Spanish governor Pablo Vicente de Solá. Osip aquired the Spanish name of José Antonio Bolcoff, as an alias during his work for the Spanish government. Bolcoff married Mariá Candida Castro and was later sent to Mexico on official government business. Governor de Sola later granted Osip Volkov a land grant in present day Santa Cruz County. Historians think that he constructed a house in what is now Scotts Valley, near the site of the Scotts Valley mall. During this period, Osip Volkov was named Alcalde (Spanish for mayor) of Santa Cruz. Osip Volkov is more commonly known in historical sources as Jose Bolcoff, a Hispanicized version of his Russian name. Later in life, after he sold his lands, the records indicate that Jose Bolcoff worked as a shoemaker. Osip Volkov died in 1866, marking the end of a remarkable life.