In 1873, the United States Army transported the leader of the Modoc tribe, in addition to some of his followers, to Fort Klamath in southern Oregon to be executed.
The Lava Beds National Monument is the site of various Native American Petroglyhs, which were carved into rocks in Modoc County, California over 4,000 years ago.
Modoc Indians, whom had a chief who agreed to relocate their tribe from the Tule Lake area in Northeastern California to a reservation in southern Oregon, were resentful of their ill treatment over the course of six years. Many young warriors, left the reservation, and theatended to fight settlers and the U.S. Military for their right to return to the land that they left. The Modoc War began when peace commissioners rejected a request to have the reservation moved back to Tule Lake, California. This rejection of peace terms promoted Kintpuash and other Modocs to kill Bridager General Edward Canby, and to kill and wound two other peace commissioners at the site of Canby Cross.
The Weed Historic Lumber Town Museum showcases the history of the town founded by a United States Civil War veteran Abner Edward Weed.
Philip Andrew Hamilton visited the Weed Historic Lumber Town Musuem on Independence Day in 2020 and got a tour from the Musuem manager by Jim Taylor.
Amber Edward Weed, was a Union Civil War soldier, whom later founded the town of Weed, California after establishing the Weed Lumber Company. Amber Weed became a a town council member and a California State Senator.
On Friday June 19, 2020, San Francisco protestors tore down a statute of Ulysses Grant , a veteran of the Mexican-American War, the commander of the Union Forces during the U.S. Civil War and a former U.S. President who oversaw the ratifcation of the 15th Amendment, the creation of the Justice Department to supress the first resurgance of the Ku Klux Klan, amd whom appointed several African Americans to prominent positions in government during reconstruction. In addition, Grant’s father was an abolitionist and after the battle at Fort Sumter Grant stated to him, “My inclination is to whip the rebellion into submission, preserving all Constitutional rights. If it cannot be whipped any other way than through a war against slavery, let it come to that legitimately. If it is necessary that slavery should fall that the Republic may continue its existence, let slavery go.” The Union was losing the war after the Battle of Anteitam and almost lost the war at the Battle of Gettsburg. Many Union generals, along the the eastern theatre of the war, choose to retreat to the higher castaulties that they were incurring. However, when Grant won over the Confederacy at Vicksburg, New Orleans and other cities along the Mississippi River, Lincoln made Grant the Grand Commander of the Union Army and the first ever Five Star General. Without Grant’s battle hardness and unwillingless to retreat in Virginia, the Civil War could’ve dragged on for years and Washington, D.C. could of been invaded by the Confederacy. But deapite all of Grant’s noble accomplishments he had one sin, the ownership of the slave William Jones, a man who was gifted to him by his southern wife’s grandfather. Grant viewed slavery as his father did, and did not want to own a person under bondage. However, Grant accepted Jones into his household to please his wife’s family and freed him before the Civil War began.
During Juneteeth celebrations in 2020, San Francisco protestors failed to consider the entire context of Ulysses Grant’s background and to label him as someone who needs to be removed from the public space due fo his ownership of William Jones. This is one step too far in the movement to remove any representarion of any caucasian men seen as unworthy continual praise due to them being held accountable to modern standards.
I say “fuck you”, in the strongest terms, to the protestors who fail to respect our national heritage and whom seek to destroy artifacts of individuals tied to the history of the United States, regardless of if those individuals led to signifcant gains in the plight for freedom of African Americans.
Honestly, I hope that those protestors are held criminally responsible for damaging the statue of Ulysses Grant and that they are held financially responsible for putting that statue of Grant back up. In addition, I believe that the organization of “Black Lives Matter” should be held liable for the destruction of public property that their members have participated in.
Americans need to stop destroying statues of caucasians and europeans in public spaces and call for the creation of more statues of African Americans in the public so that they are represented more in the public.
If the leadership of “Black Lives Matter” does not call for a stop to the destructionof public statues, they will end up losing support of their organization from individuals who see them as deviating far from the goal of holding police accountable for their acts of brutality and of reform of community policing.
The group “All Historical Statues Matter” was created by Philip Andrew Hamilton after the toppling of Preaident Ulysses S. Grant’s statue at the Golden Gate Park in San Francisco on June 19, 2020. The tearing down of historical artifacts and statues has gone too far, and a community of historical groups, community acitvists, politicans and police need to work in conjunction to protect other historical statutes in America. The will of a vocal majority cannot trump the will of others who wish to keep our national heritage in place.
The statue of President Grant was under the protection of the National Park Service, which failed to prevent it’s toppling. Other statues of President Grant under the juriasiction of the United States National Parks are at Fort Humbolt, in Northern California, and the Ulysses S. Grant Civil War Memorial in downtown Washington D.C. The newest statue of President Grant was erected at the West Point Army Base on June 2019.
The childhood home of actress ZaSu Pitts is in downtown Santa Cruz, City California, near the courthouse on Ocean Street that President Theodore Roosevelt once spoke at.
ZaSu Pitts started in various silent films including, “Greed”.
Philip Andrew Hamilton visited the home on June 6, 2020.
In 1993, Hillary Rodham Clinton visited the “Darling House”, with a view of the last surviving of the three Santa Cruz wharfs that had been built in the county, while she was the First Lady.
Hillary Clinton had a personal relationship with the Darling family and spoke at Adam Darling’s funeral after his passing.
In 2006, author Philip Andrew Hamilton met U.S. Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton at her office while she was representing the state of New York. At the time Philip worked for the National Security Subcommittee, under the Government Reform Committee, for the U.S. Congress.
Theodore Jesse Hoover, the older brother of former President Herbert Hoover, once owned the land that comprised of the former Rancho Del Oso.
The Portola Expedition had camped for three days by the land that comprised of the former ranch.
In 1901, Theodore Hoover graduated from Stanford University with a degree with a Bachelor’s of Arts in Mining and Geology.
Presently, the lands encompassing Rancho del Olso is part of the Big Basin State Park and the Hoover Preserve.
In 1903, President Theodore Roosevelt visited the Santa Cruz Courthouse after visiting the redwood forest, with John Muir, at the present day Henry Cowell State Park.
In the late 1700s, the last of the “Bear and Bull Fights” occurred in the California providence of Mexico.
Osip Volkov was born to a Russian father and Kamchadal mother in Petropavlosk, Kamchatka around 1798. Nothing is known of his early life, but it appears he became an employee of the Russian America Company as a young man. In 1815, he was either captured by the Spanish or jumped ship near Point Conception, California. Although the Russian American Company tried to get Osip back, Osipn evaded working for the company again by becoming an interpretive for Spanish governor Pablo Vicente de Solá. Osip aquired the Spanish name of José Antonio Bolcoff, as an alias during his work for the Spanish government. Bolcoff married Mariá Candida Castro and was later sent to Mexico on official government business. Governor de Sola later granted Osip Volkov a land grant in present day Santa Cruz County. Historians think that he constructed a house in what is now Scotts Valley, near the site of the Scotts Valley mall. During this period, Osip Volkov was named Alcalde (Spanish for mayor) of Santa Cruz. Osip Volkov is more commonly known in historical sources as Jose Bolcoff, a Hispanicized version of his Russian name. Later in life, after he sold his lands, the records indicate that Jose Bolcoff worked as a shoemaker. Osip Volkov died in 1866, marking the end of a remarkable life.
I began my website HamiltonHistoricalRecords.com after going on a road trip to Virginia from January to Febuary 2018. Life feels that it’s coming back in circle with the start of my next road trip to Virignia in June 2020. Hence, I’m writing a series on historical landmarks in the beach city that I have called home since 2016.
In the 1797, a fort, which was later named Fort Mason by the Americans, was first established by the Spanish military within the Presido of San Francisco.
Two Mexican revolutions against the Spanish Empire failed. However, after the success of the third Mexican Revolution the fort fell under Mexican control for about twenty years. During the Mexican-American War the United States Military took over the fort and in 1850 renamed it Fort Mason after Colonel Richard Barnes Mason.
Colonel Mason was a decendant of founding father George Mason and was a member of the Dragoons during the Mexican-American War. After the American victory Colonel Mason became the fifth military Governor of California.
Today, May 20, 2020 marks my 33rd birthday during a time of drastic worldwide economic, social and societal changes. I just as many people I know, have faced loss of income, loss of jobs, and a lack of access to people and various property (such as parks and beaches) during the course of this pandemic. Currently the amount of unemployed Americans individuals stands at 30 million, twice the amount of unemployed individuals during the height of “The Great Depression”. Tough times are here and tough times are here to stay for the long haul.
Ruth Olga Sherman, a professional dancer and anthropologist, will be joining me in chronicling the plight of individuals in the states of California, Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming, Nebraska, Iowa, Wisconsin, Michigan, Illinois, Ohio, Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and in Flordia during the course of our cross country road trip.
I will continue to write articles about landmarks, parks and museums that I visit (regardless of whether they are opened or closed due to a state imposed lockdown). In addition, I’ll provide individual feedback from individuals that Ruth and I meet and how the government lockdown (according to rules imposed by their state, city or town) and the pandemic has effected their livelihood.
The stories will be vast and many, and indeed introspective of the year that truly changed the state of humanity as we know it and the multiplicity of governments that humanity succumbs itself too.
I ask that you as a reader of my website support our efforts to chronicle this part of current American life by donating to my Venmo page:
Checks may also be addressed to:
Philip Andrew Hamilton
Ruth Olga Sherman
Those checks may be mailed to:
444 Western Drive
Santa Cruz, CA 95060
For those who are able to donate, thank you. I’ll be sure to provide a show of appreciation with a personal email or phone call.
The history of the Ford House Museum started in 1854, when the home was built for Jerome Bursley Ford and his wife. Ford was the founder of the Mendocino Lumber Company and needed a home closeby to his operations. At the time, lumber was a huge source of income for many Mendocino residents, during the early years of California’s statehood.
In 1852, Meiggsville, California was founded by the New Englander Meiggs. During the gold rush, thousands of redwood loggers moved to the coastal towns and created flumes to transport the giant logs. Eventually the town was renamed to Mendocino.
In May 1980, the dormant volcano, Mount Saint Helens, was reported as having seismic activity by geologists. Oregonians were told to evacuate the site of the former volcano, but a few hikers and photographers remained behind. On May 18, 2020, the dormant Mount Saint Helens exploded with the force of five hundred atomic bombs (as powerful as the one that exploded in Hiroshima). Trees were flattened for miles, thousands of animals and 59 humans were killed by the blast which created a crater on top of the mountain.
The Giant Powder Company started manufacturing dynamite in the United States, for the purposes of constructing mines and dams, in San Francisco and Berkeley. When explosions at the factories at those two cities caused expensive property damage to the homes surrounding them, the company relocated to the remote area of Pinole, north of Berkeley.
On May 5, 1945, the Japanese military launched a seaplane from a submarine off of the Oregon coast. That plane launched a balloon armed with a bomb. After the balloon deflated, a man and his five children approached the balloon and were killed by the bomb blast that was activated. Those civilians were the only American civilians to be killed within the continental United States by an axis attack during the war.
Fred Toyosaburo Korematsu was a Japanese American, born on January 30, 1919, in Oakland, California. After Pearl Harbor was bombed, the United States military deemed that the states of California, Oregon and Washingotn were part of the Western theatre of the war. Hence, after Franklin Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066, the U.S. Army ordered that all Japanese Americans had to report to an army office, and those same persons would be required to be interned in a camp. Instead of reporting to an army office, like the rest of Fred’s family did, Fred stayed in Oakland, California with his Italian girlfriend. Two weeks after all Japanese Americans were evacuated from their homes in California, Fred was arrested by Federal Bureau of Investigation agents and was accused of being an enemy spy.
Fred was contacted by the Northern California Chapter of the “American Civil Liberties Union”, an organization which agreed to litigate the unconstitutionality of the Japanese internment camps on behalf of Fred. While the case went up to the Supreme Court, the court confirmed the federal district and appellate court rulings by stating that military actions should not be scrutinized by a civil court, even if no form of Marshall Law has been instated by the military.
The Joaquin Miller Park is the site of Joaquin Miller’s home and property, which hosts monuments to various figures.
Joaquin Miller hosted various writers, artists and musicians to his property; including Samuel Langhorne Clemens, also known as Mark Twain.
Joaquin Miller built several monuments on his property, including one to John C. Frémont, whom watched a sunset on a hill on his land.
The Dorrington Hotel was established in a town formerly known as Cold Springs Ranch, California.
Mark Twain has visited the hotel grounds to drink from a springs in the rear of the hotel.
Currently the hotel has “The Lube Room Saloon” attached to it’s building nextdoor. The saloon has concerts in the backyard where Mark Twain has once drank from the springs.
In 1868, John and Rebeka Gardner (whose maiden name was Dorrington) bought the Cold Speings Ranch.
1902, Cold Springs Ranch was renamed to the town of Dorrington, after a Post Office with the maiden name of Rebeka Gardner was established.
In 1931, the Calaveras Big Trees State Park was established in the giant sequoia forest in the South Grove. Twenty years later the North grove was added to the park.
The Sierra Nevada Logging Museum hosts the history of the loggers who established the town of Arnold, California.
The grounds of the Musuem hosts the former Yosemite Lumber Company Train that was in use in the later 1800s.
The giant sequoias, in the western side of the Sierra Nevada Mountians, were noted by Augustus T. Dowd in 1852. In 1927, Bob and Bernice Arnold built Ebbetts Pass Inn and Restaurant within the outskirts of the giant sequoia forest. The Ebbetts Pass Inn became as a stop for people visiting Calaveras Big Trees State Park and for those traveling along the Ebbetts Pass route to Bear Valley and to other towns.
In 1859, the town of Cloverdale was established in Northern California, within Sonoma County. On Febuary 28, 1872, Cloverdale was incorporated as a town.
In 1881, Jules Auguste Leroux and Armand Joseph Dehay established a colony south of Cloverdale named “Icaria Speranza”, based on the French Utopian movement, the Icarians. The settlement ended in 1886 and today, there is a marker south of town where the schoolhouse was located.
The Hopland Tap, within Hopland, California, is the site of the first BrewPub in the state California and the second one to exist in the nation.
The downtown of Cotati, California is one of two hexagonal plazas in the United States.
The town is named after Cotati one off the former Native American chiefs in the area.
In 1827, John Reed, the first Anglo settler, in northern Sonoma County arrived. John Reed did not farm since the Kota’ti Native Americans engaged in annual field burnings. In 1844, the native Kota’ti had “disappeared” when a Mexican land grant called, “Lomas de Kotate” had been established.
This property passed through a number of hands, including those of Thomas O. Larkin, the first and only U.S. Consul to California. He arranged for its purchase in 1849 by Dr. Thomas Stokes Page, a friend and expatriate American physician then practicing in Valparaiso, Chile.
After numerous years of legal wrangling over Spanish, Mexican, Californian, and United States land law, Page’s agents established livestock and built a large Victorian home for the large Page family. Dr. Page’s wife, Anna Maria Liljevalch Page, and their minor and young adult children emigrated from Chile in 1869. Dr. Page died in 1872, leaving his émigré sons to run the sprawling dairy and stock farm. Described in an 1875 newspaper article as the largest farm in Sonoma County and one of the finest pieces of agricultural land in California, the property became known as “Rancho Cotate.”
The Kota’ti Indians were part of the Coast Miwok Native American tribe. In modern times, the former lands of the Kota’ti is part of Cotati, California
The Rio Vista Museum is located in eastern Solano County, California, within the Sacramento Delta Region.
Rio Vista, California was founded by Joseph Bruning, who moved to San Francisco in 1850, at the age of 28.
William “Bill” Foster was a National Rifle Association member and a big game hunter; who traveled to Africa and other continents for wild animals.
William Foster met author William Hemmingway during his travels.
In the 1900s, William established the restaraunt “Foster’s Bighorn” in Rio Vista, California.
Over time William Foster had over 300 animals, that he hunted, hanging on the walls of Foster’s Bighorn. Currently there are only 200 animals up on the wall, due to the degrading of the animal skin over the decades of the ones that were removed.
The town of Rio Vista, California, within Solano County, was founded in 1858 by Joseph Bruning and his wife Gertrude Bruning after a doctor recommended that they leave the city of San Francisco due to their poor health. Joseph Bruning bought the Los Olpinos Grant, which extended west of the Sacramento River.
The Pittsburg Historical Musuem is located in former Pittsburg Post Dispatch building within the industrial town of Pittsburg, California, which was formerly called Black Diamond.
The Post Dispatch had been the primary newspaper for the town of Pittsburg.
The museum has an extensive exhibit on the Italian Americans who lived in the town. During World War II, hundreds of Italians were sent to internment camps in Concord, Dublin and other areas. It was not until the William Jefferson Clinton administration that the U.S. Congress officially recognized that Italians had been interned during World War II.
In 1849, after the end of the Mexican American War, William Tecumseh Sherman founded the town of Black Diamond, California.
In 1911, the town of Black Diamond would be renamed to Pittsburg, California.
In 1849, the Mount Diablo Coal Fields, also known as the Black Diamond Mine, was founded, shortly after Army Lieutenant William Tecumseh Sherman, whom later gained fame as a General during the U.S. Civil War, founded the town of Black Diamond.
The town of Somersville was one of five towns that were established within the Mount Diablo Coal Field, south of the town of Black Diamond.
The Black Diamond Mines had more coal output than any other set of mines within the state of California and continued to operate until 1900. Ultimately, the rising cost of mining coal, and the increase of the demand for oil due to the increase in automobile usage, lead the owner of the Black Diamond Mines to cease operations.
After the coals mines closed, the miners and their families, moved out of the five towns, leaving the various buildings abandoned for two decades.
In the 1920s mining operations for silica-rich sand, by the Hazel-Atlas Glass Company for the production of glass, began at the Black Diamond Mines. Sand mining continued until the 1940s, and the five mining towns became “ghost towns”.
Many of the miners who worked at the Black Diamond Mines are buried in the Rose Hill Cemetery.
Presently the former coal mine is under the ownership of the East Bay Park District as the Black Diamond Regional Preserve.
The entrance to the Black Diamond Regional Preserve hosts the Sidney Flat Vistor Center.
After the Black Diamond Coal Mines were abandoned the cemetery was vandalized frequently and grave markers were stolen. However, the grace makes for Walter E. Clare was returned when Black Diamond became a regional park.
The East Bay Regional Park staff give mine tours within one of the former Eureka mine.
Many of the trails on top of the former mines lead to various hills within the Mount Diablo Foothills.
In 1906, the Votaw Building, which served as the original Morgan Hill Bank, was constructed in Morgan Hill, California.
In 1908, the Berkeley City Hall was designed by architects Arthur John, Junior and John Bakewell, both of whom were graduates of the University of California. The city hall building was constructed in downtown Berkeley, California later that year after the cornerstone was established on June 27th.
Eventually, the city hall staff was moved to another location in Berkeley. Presently the city hall hosts a radio station and serves as a temporary homeless shelter.
On Febuary 20, 2020, my former mentor and former US Navy Admiral, whom was a neighbor of mine in Oakton, Virginia, passed away in his home in Florida. Hugh was instrumental in developing my interest in world history and philosophy while I did yardwork for him during my time at James Madison High School. Hugh Upton introduced me to two of his German friends whom I interviewed for my Advanced Placement World War II project. Hugh worked as the cameraman during that interview which can be seen here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dsi_4iYmSVQ
The Nevada “Rome” Powerhouse, which was the also Pelton Wheel Manufacturing Site, was utilized for producing power for the gold mining efforts. The Nevada Powerhouse is deemed to be the birthplace of the company Pacific Gas and Electric Company, a company which did not go by that name until 1905.
In 1850, in Nevada City Freemason Lodge was established.
On April 25, 1851, Nevada County, California was incorporated as a county. In 1856, the first county supervisors were established to serve the residents.
On February 12, 1914, the same day as Lincoln’s birthday in Hardin County, Kentucky in 1809, construction of the Lincoln Memorial was began after the groundbreaking was held. A year later, on the same day, the cornerstone of the memorial was placed. By May 1915, the sub-foundation and the foundation of the memorial, which lay on drained and filled land, was completed.
Mokelumne, California was founded when the Central Pacific Railroad chose the site for a station on its new route. The town consisted of a store/post office building, a hotel, and the station. In the spring of 1870, people from neighboring towns moved to Mokelumne until, by October, there were 56 residences. Eventually, Mokelumne was renamed to the shorter name of Lodi. Downtown Lodi has what is called the “Lodi Arch”.
The Tracy Historical Museum was established in the 1970s after the Tracy Historical Society merger with the the Western Pioneers Historical organization.
On September 8, 1878, Tracy, California was founded as a railroad town at a track crossing called a “Bow Tie”. Jim Eagan, a railroader who worked at the Ellis stop before it was moved to the Tracy Hub, is beloved the new the first resident of Tracy. The town would be named after the Ohio grain merchant Lathrop J. Tracy. In 1910, Tracy was incorporated as a city.
The Calaveras County Musuem & Historical Society is located at the former courthouse of San Andreas, California.